ᠷᠤᠮᠠ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠡᠨᠡ ᠥᠭᠦᠯᠡᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠷᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠭᠦᠷᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠦᠵᠡᠬᠦ ᠶᠢ ᠬᠦᠰᠡᠪᠡᠯ ᠡᠷᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠥᠭᠦᠯᠡᠯ ᠢ ᠦᠵᠡᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠦᠦ᠃
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ᠷᠤᠮᠠ is located in ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ
ᠷᠤᠮᠠ
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{{{ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ}}}</br>
ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ</br></br>
ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ ᠲᠤᠭ
ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭ
ᠲᠤᠭ ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ
ᠬᠣᠴᠢ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ: "ᠡᠭᠦᠷᠢᠳᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ (The Eternal City)"
ᠰᠣᠯᠪᠢᠴᠠᠯ: 41°54′N 12°30′E
ᠤᠯᠤᠰ {{{ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ}}}
ᠮᠤᠵᠢ (regione) {{{ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ 1}}}
ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ (provincia) {{{ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ 2}}}
ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠨ (commune) {{{ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ 3}}}
ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ  
 - ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ {{{ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ}}} km²
ᠥᠨᠳᠥᠷ 20 m
ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ  
 - ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ (2011) {{{ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ}}}
 - ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠷᠠᠯ {{{ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠰᠢᠯ}}}/km²
 - ᠬᠦᠢ ᠳᠡᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠲᠤ 3.9 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ
ᠴᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ UTC+1
 - ᠵᠤᠨ   UTC+2
ᠴᠠᠬᠢᠮ ᠰᠦᠯᠵᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ: www.comune.roma.it
ᠷᠤᠮᠠ (ᠺᠢᠷᠢᠯ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠦᠭᠡ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠬᠦ ᠳᠦᠷᠢᠮ ᠦᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠠᠤ ᠷᠣᠮᠠ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠦᠭᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠷᠭᠦᠯᠲᠡ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ «ᠠ» ᠭᠡᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ; ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠳᠦ ᠪᠡᠨ «ᠣ» ᠨᠢ ᠡᠷᠭᠦᠭᠳᠡᠬᠦ ᠲᠤᠯᠠ ᠷᠣᠣᠮ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠳᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠳᠠᠭ; ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ Roma ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠵᠦ
ᠵᠢᠵᠢᠭ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠢ ᠡᠭᠦᠰᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠯ᠎ᠠ: Unable to save thumbnail to destination
 [ˈroːma] ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠨᠢ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠮᠠ, ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠰᠣᠨᠣᠰᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ; ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠶᠢᠡᠷ Roma; ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ Rome; ᠣᠷᠣᠰ ᠶᠢᠡᠷ ᠷᠢᠮ) — ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ᠂ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠯᠠᠪᠠᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ.

ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠵᠦᠢᠯᠴᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠯᠠᠴᠢ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ᠂ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠷᠬᠤ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠭᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠨ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠨ (commune) ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ᠂ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠡᠨᠳᠡ ᠲᠥᠪᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃ ᠮᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡᠵᠢ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠨ (Commune di Roma) ᠪᠤᠰᠤᠳ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠭᠠᠭᠴᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ (Roma Capitale) ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠶᠢᠳᠦᠭᠳᠡᠬᠦ᠂ ᠪᠠᠰᠠ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠵᠠᠷᠢᠮ ᠡᠷᠬᠡ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ 1,285.3 ᠺᠦᠸᠠᠳ᠋ ᠺᠢᠯᠣᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷ ᠳᠡᠪᠢᠰᠬᠡᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠲᠤ 2011 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ 2.78 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠵᠤ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠨ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃[1][2] ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠨ (ᠶᠠᠭ᠂ ᠭᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ᠂ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠷᠠᠭ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ) ᠍ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠵᠠᠶᠢᠯᠬᠤ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠵᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠳᠥᠴᠢᠭᠡᠳ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠨ ᠪᠤᠢ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡᠬᠦ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠭᠡᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯ ᠳᠦ 3 ᠮᠢᠩᠭᠠᠨ км² ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ᠂ 3.2 ᠍ ᠠᠴᠠ 3.8 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃[3][4][5][6][7][8]

ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠ ᠪᠡᠶ᠎ᠡ᠂ ᠲᠢᠷᠷᠧᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠲᠤ ᠭᠠᠷᠬᠤ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠡᠷᠭᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠯᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠤᠷᠪᠠᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠤᠷᠲᠤ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠲᠢᠪᠧᠷ ᠰᠢᠪᠲᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠤᠷᠤᠰᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠠᠷᠠᠯ ᠪᠤᠢ᠃

ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠨᠢ Caput Mundi (ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ), la Città Eterna (ᠡᠭᠦᠷᠢᠳᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ), Limen Apostolorum (ᠠᠫᠣᠰᠲᠠᠯ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠱᠠᠪᠢ ᠨᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠣᠰᠬ᠎ᠠ), la città dei sette colli (ᠳᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠭᠦᠪᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ) ᠡᠰᠡᠪᠡᠯ ᠵᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠯᠠ l'Urbe (ᠬᠣᠲᠠ) ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠬᠣᠴᠢ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠲᠡᠢ᠃ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠤᠷᠰᠢᠳᠠ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠤᠶᠤᠯ ᠢᠷᠭᠡᠨᠰᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠺᠠᠲ᠋ᠣᠯᠢᠭ ᠰᠦᠮ᠎ᠡᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠯᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃

ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠤᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠨᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠸᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠺᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠳᠠᠭ᠃

ᠥᠨᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ ᠠᠮᠢᠳᠤᠷᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠧᠦᠢᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠᠨᠳ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠵᠢᠭᠤᠯᠴᠢᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠭᠤᠷᠪᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠳᠠᠭ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠰᠤᠶᠤᠯ ᠤᠷᠠᠯᠢᠭ᠂ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠥᠯᠥᠭᠡ ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠹᠢᠦᠶᠢᠮᠡᠴᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠢᠰᠬᠦ ᠪᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠳᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭᠳᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ 100 ᠺᠣᠮᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠦᠳ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠯᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠮᠥᠨ Enel, ENI, Telecom Italia ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ 100 ᠺᠣᠮᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠤᠷᠪᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠦᠳ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ᠃

ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠳᠠᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠴᠠᠩᠭᠤᠢ ᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠥᠷᠲᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠴᠥᠭᠡᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠤᠴᠢᠷ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠨᠢ ᠰᠡᠷᠭᠦᠨ ᠮᠠᠨᠳᠤᠯᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠷᠣᠺᠣ ᠮᠠᠶ᠋ᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠵᠡᠮᠵᠢᠲᠡᠢ᠃ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡᠨ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠨᠢ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠥᠪ ᠬᠡᠮᠡᠨ United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ᠍ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠵᠡᠢ᠃

ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠷᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠤᠨᠢ ᠠᠯᠧᠮᠠᠨᠠ.

ᠡᠬᠢ ᠰᠤᠷᠪᠤᠯᠵᠢ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. ᠣᠷᠤᠭᠤᠯᠵᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠄ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ <ref> ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭ ᠄ name ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ pop ᠪᠤᠯᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠋ᠳ᠋ᠥ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠬᠠᠨᠭᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ
  2. ᠣᠷᠤᠭᠤᠯᠵᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠄ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ <ref> ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭ ᠄ name ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ pop1 ᠪᠤᠯᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠋ᠳ᠋ᠥ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠬᠠᠨᠭᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ
  3. European Spatial Planning Observation Network, Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3), Final Report, Chapter 3, (ESPON, 2007)
  4. Eurostat, Total population in Urban Audit cities, Larger Urban Zone, accessed on 2009-06-23. Data for 2009 unless otherwise noted.
  5. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects (2009 revision), (United Nations, 2010), Table A.12. Data for 2007.
  6. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Competitive Cities in the Global Economy, OECD Territorial Reviews, (OECD Publishing, 2006), Table 1.1
  7. Thomas Brinkoff, Principal Agglomerations of the World, accessed on 2009-03-12. Data for 2011-04-01.
  8. World Urban Areas - Demographia, July 2012

ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠰᠤ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

Commons
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