ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ
IMG 0996 Lhasa Barkhor.jpg
ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠬᠠᠯᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠺᠢᠷᠢᠯ ᠡᠴᠡ → Төвд
ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ ᠺᠢᠷᠢᠯ ᠡᠴᠡ → Түвд
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ 2011 ᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠭᠠᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ → Төвөд
ᠬᠤᠳᠤᠮ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ →ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ
ᠥᠨᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯ
ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠣᠷᠣᠨᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠳᠠᠶᠠᠭᠠᠷ — 10.5 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ. ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ:
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ (ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ) — 6,282,187 (2010)

Flag of India.svg ᠡᠨᠡᠳᠬᠡᠭ (БНЭУ) — 190,000

Flag of Nepal.svg ᠪᠠᠯᠪᠠ (ХБНАБУ) — 16,000
ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ (ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤᠳᠤ), ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ ᠦᠰᠦᠭᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠶᠠᠩᠵᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ
ᠰᠢᠲᠦᠯᠭᠡDharma Wheel.svg ᠪᠤᠳ᠋ᠳ᠋ᠾᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠤᠶᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠶᠣᠰᠣ (ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ)
ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ
ᠣᠶᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠪᠤᠢ
ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭ᠎ᠠᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ-ᠪᠢᠷᠮ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠲᠡᠨ

ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ (ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠶᠢᠡᠷ བོད་པ།་ Bodpa; ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ 藏族 Zàng Zú) — ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠤᠭᠠᠯ ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡᠯᠢᠭ.[1] 2000 ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ 5,416,021 ᠰᠠᠶ᠋ᠢ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠳᠬᠡᠭᠳᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠠᠨᠢᠳᠠᠭ 56 ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ 10 ᠍ ᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃[2] ᠮᠥᠨ ᠡᠨᠡᠳᠬᠡᠭ ᠲᠤ 15-20 ᠲᠦᠮᠡ᠂ ᠪᠠᠯᠪᠤ ᠳᠤ ᠲᠦᠮᠡ ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠮ᠂ ᠪᠦᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠮᠢᠩᠭᠠᠭᠠᠳ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃

ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠲᠠᠨ ᠬᠥᠬᠡᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ-ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠥᠨᠳᠥᠷᠯᠢᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠳᠠᠰᠤᠨ ᠵᠣᠬᠢᠴᠠᠵᠤ ᠠᠮᠢᠳᠤᠷᠠᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠢᠷᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ᠃ ᠪᠤᠳ᠋ᠳ᠋ᠾᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠢ ᠠᠮᠢᠳᠤᠷᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠬᠡᠪ ᠮᠠᠶ᠋ᠢᠭ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠲᠦᠳᠡᠭ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ᠃ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠦᠮᠰᠡᠵᠦ ᠰᠠᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠭᠦᠯᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳᠲᠠᠢ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠰᠢᠲᠦᠯᠭᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠨᠣᠰᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠳ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠯᠴᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ-ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠢᠵᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ-ᠪᠢᠷᠮ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠦᠯᠡᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠭᠳᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠳᠦ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠶᠠᠩᠵᠤ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠢ ᠪᠤᠢ᠃ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠥᠯᠥᠭᠡ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠶᠡᠬᠡᠬᠡᠨ ᠨᠥᠯᠦᠭᠡᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ ᠴᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠰᠤᠶᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠥᠯᠥᠭᠡ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠰᠤᠶᠤᠯ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠰᠠ ᠪᠤᠢ᠃

ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠷᠠᠬᠢ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠳ ᠦᠨ 44.8% ᠨᠢ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ᠂ 23.4% ᠨᠢ ᠰᠸᠴᠤᠸᠠᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠳ᠋ᠤ᠂ 20.1% ᠨᠢ ᠬᠥᠬᠡᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠨᠲᠠᠢ ᠲᠠᠪᠤᠨ ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ᠂ ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠦᠪᠰᠢᠨ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠴᠠᠩᠭᠤᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ ᠭᠠᠭᠴᠠ ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠲᠠᠨ (ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠍ ᠳᠦ 92% ᠨᠢ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ᠂ 6% ᠨᠢ ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ), 1911-1951 ᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠨᠳᠣ ᠲᠤᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠨᠢᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡ ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠥᠬᠥᠴᠡᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ᠂ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ᠂ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠮᠡᠳᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠂ ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠴᠥᠭᠡᠨ 55 ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠪᠤᠷᠠᠯ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠡᠷᠭᠦᠮᠵᠢᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠭᠠᠯᠵᠠᠪᠠᠯ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠡᠵᠡᠨᠲᠦ ᠭᠦᠷᠦᠨ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠡᠵᠡᠨᠲᠦ ᠭᠦᠷᠦᠨ (618–841) 790 ‍ᠭᠡᠳ ᠤᠨ᠂ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠥᠷᠭᠡᠵᠢᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠪᠡᠨ

1949 ᠤᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠰᠢ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ
ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡᠨ ᠭᠤᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ
ᠹᠠᠢᠢᠯ:ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ-ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠷᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ᠃jpg
ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ- ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠷᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ᠃ ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠣᠳᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠪᠤᠰᠤᠳ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠳ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠩᠬᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠳᠦᠭᠦᠯᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ᠂ ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠡᠵᠡᠨᠲᠦ ᠭᠦᠷᠦᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠪᠤᠰᠤᠳ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠲᠡᠳᠦᠶᠢᠯᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠴᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ᠃
ᠹᠠᠢᠢᠯ:ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡᠨ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ 2.jpeg
ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡᠨ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ
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ᠲᠥᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡᠨ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ

ᠮᠥᠨ ᠦᠵᠡᠬᠦ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠡ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

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