ᠰᠸᠢᠰ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠸᠢᠰ
Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (ᠭᠧᠷᠮᠠᠨ)
Confédération suisse (ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ)
Confederazione Svizzera (ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ)
Confederaziun svizra (ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠩᠰᠢ)
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠯᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ
ᠤᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ: ᠯᠠᠲᠤ᠃ "Unus pro omnibus omnes pro uno"
«ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠥᠯᠥᠭᠡ᠂ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠥᠯᠥᠭᠡ»
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠤᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ:
«ᠱᠸᠧᠢᠴᠢᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠠᠭᠲᠠᠭᠤ»
ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ (ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠠᠷᠠᠯ) ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠰᠸᠢᠰ (ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠨ) ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠰᠢᠯ
ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ (ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠠᠷᠠᠯ) ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠰᠸᠢᠰ (ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠨ) ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠰᠢᠯ
ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯᠬᠠᠤᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠣᠨᠣᠭᠠᠵᠤ ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠴᠤ ᠦᠨᠡᠨ ᠳᠦ ᠪᠡᠨ ᠪᠧᠷᠨ ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ᠃
ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠴᠶᠷᠢᠬᠤ
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠭᠧᠷᠮᠠᠨ (63.7 %)
ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ (20.4 %)
ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ (6.5 %)
ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠩᠰᠢ[1] (0.5 %)
ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠲᠦᠮᠡᠨ ᠱᠸᠧᠢᠴᠢᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠢᠨ
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠫᠠᠷᠯᠠᠮᠧᠨᠲ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ
 -  ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠥᠪᠯᠡᠯ 7 ᠭᠡᠰᠢᠭᠦᠨ ᠲᠡᠢ᠃ ᠲᠡᠳᠡᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ 2012 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠡᠸᠧᠯᠢᠨᠧ ᠸᠢᠳᠮᠧᠷ-ᠱᠯᠤᠩᠫᠹ᠂ ᠳᠡᠳ᠋ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠤᠯᠢ ᠮᠠᠦ᠋ᠷᠧᠷ
ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯ 2 ᠲᠠᠩᠬᠢᠮ ᠲᠠᠢ
«ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯ»
ᠲᠤᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠨᠢᠯ
 -  ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠤᠯᠠᠪᠤᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠡᠷᠢᠭᠦᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ 1291 ᠣᠨ 
 -  ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ 1499 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 9 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 22 
 -  ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠨ ᠡᠷᠬᠡ 1648 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 10 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 24 
 -  ᠰᠡᠷᠭᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ 1815 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 8 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 7 
 -  ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1848 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 9 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 12[2] 
ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠳᠡᠪᠢᠰᠬᠡᠷ
 -  ᠪᠦᠬᠦ ᠲᠠᠯᠠᠪᠠᠢ 41,285 km2 (133)
 -  ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠷᠭᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠰᠤ (%) 4.2
ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ
 -  ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ (2011) 7,952,600[3] (95)
 -  ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ (2000) 7,452,075 
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠴᠠ ᠰᠡᠶᠢᠷᠡᠭ 188 ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ/km2 
GDP (ХАЧТ) 2011 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
 -  ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦᠩ $339.890 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ[4] 
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦ $43,369[4] 
GDP (ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ) 2011 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
 -  ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦᠩ $636.059 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ[4] 
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦ $81,160[4] 
Gini (2009) 33.7 (ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠴᠢ
ᠬᠡᠦᠬᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠢᠨᠳᠧᠺᠰ (2011) 0.903[5] (ᠮᠠᠰᠢ ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠨ) (11)
ᠮᠥᠩᠭᠥᠨ ᠦ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠰᠸᠢᠰ ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠺ (CHF)
ᠴᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ (GMT+1)
 -  ᠵᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠴᠠᠭ (GMT+2)
ᠳ᠋ᠦᠮᠠᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ .ch
ᠤᠲᠠᠰᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠮᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ +41

ᠰᠸᠢᠰ (ᠭᠧᠷᠮᠠᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ Schweiz, ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ Suisse, ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠪᠡᠷ Svizzera, ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠩᠰᠢ ᠪᠡᠷ: Svizra), ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠭᠠᠷ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠲᠤ ᠰᠸᠢᠰ (ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠶᠢᠡᠷ Confoederatio Helvetica ᠤᠴᠢᠷ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠤ ISO ᠍ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠨᠢ CH ᠪᠠ CHE) ᠪᠣᠯ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠲᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ 7.5 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ᠂ 41,285 ᠺᠦᠸᠠᠳ᠋ ᠺᠢᠯᠣᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭᠲᠤ ᠲᠠᠢ᠂ ᠳᠠᠯᠠᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠴᠠ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠰᠸᠢᠰ ᠨᠢ 26 ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠥᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠪᠠᠰᠠ ᠺᠠᠨᠲᠠᠨ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃ ᠪᠧᠷᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠳᠧ ᠹᠠᠺᠲ᠋ᠣ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠳ᠋ ᠍ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠦᠳ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠧᠨᠧᠸ ᠪᠠ ᠴᠶᠷᠢᠬᠤ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠰᠸᠢᠰ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠮᠥᠨ᠃

ᠰᠸᠢᠰ ᠭᠧᠷᠮᠠᠨᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢᠠᠦᠢᠰᠲᠷᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠ ᠯᠢᠾᠢᠲ᠋ᠧᠨᠱᠤᠲ᠋ᠠᠢᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠬᠢᠯᠢᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃ ᠰᠸᠢᠰ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠭᠧᠷᠮᠠᠨ᠂ ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ᠂ ᠢᠲᠠᠯᠢ᠂ ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠩᠰᠢ ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠡᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠦᠵᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠦᠪᠰᠢᠨ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠨᠡᠯᠢᠶᠡᠳ ᠲᠦᠭᠡᠮᠡᠯ ᠲᠠᠷᠬᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ ᠰᠸᠢᠰ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠢ ᠰᠠᠬᠢᠬᠤ ᠡᠷᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠤᠯᠠᠮᠵᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ 1815 ᠣᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠰᠢ ᠳᠠᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ᠃ ᠡᠨᠳᠡ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠵᠠᠭᠠᠯᠮᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠭᠡᠮᠯᠢᠭᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠤᠳᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠍ ᠦᠨ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠣᠹᠹᠢᠰ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠯᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃

ᠱᠸᠧᠢᠴᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ Confoederatio Helvetica ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠯᠫ ᠦᠨ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠠᠮᠢᠳᠤᠷᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠡᠷᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠺᠧᠯᠲ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠯ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠬᠧᠯᠸᠧᠲ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠯᠲᠠᠢ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠰᠸᠢᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠣᠩᠨᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠤᠯᠠᠮᠵᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠭᠠᠷ 1291 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 8 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 1 ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠦᠵᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠤᠴᠢᠷ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠢ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠬᠡᠮᠡᠨ ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. Federal Constitution, article 4, "National languages" : National languages are German, French, Italian and Romansh; Federal Constitution, article 70, "Languages", paragraph 1: The official languages of the Confederation are German, French and Italian. Romansh shall be an official language for communicating with persons of Romansh language.
  2. A solemn declaration of the Tagsatzung declared the Federal Constitution adopted on 12 September 1848. A resolution of the Tagsatzung of 14 September 1848 specified that the powers of the institutions provided for by the 1815 Federal Treaty would expire at the time of the constitution of the Federal Council, which took place on 16 November 1848.
  3. Press Release: Provisional findings on population growth in Switzerland in 2011 Demographic growth continues. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel (2011). 2012-04-26 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Switzerland. International Monetary Fund. 2012-04-22 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  5. Human Development Report 2011. United Nations (2011). 4 November 2010 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ:Dead link

ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠰᠤ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

Commons
Викимедиа дуу дүрсний сан: Confoederatio Helvetica
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