ᠯᠧᠭᠨᠢᠼ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠯᠤᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠯᠧᠭᠨᠢᠼ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠯᠤᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ
ᠬᠠᠮᠢᠶᠠᠷᠬᠤ ᠳᠠᠶᠢᠨ: ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠫᠣᠯᠢᠰᠢ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠠᠶᠠᠨ ᠳᠠᠶᠢᠨ
Legnica.JPG
ᠯᠧᠭᠨᠢᠼ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠯᠤᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ᠃ ᠠᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠲᠠᠪᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠢᠮᠡᠭᠯᠡᠯ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ
ᠣᠩᠨᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ 1241 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 4 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 9
ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠯᠧᠭᠨᠢᠼᠬᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠫᠣᠯᠧ
(ᠫᠣᠯᠢᠰᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠯᠧᠭᠨᠢᠼᠠᠭᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠮ)
ᠦᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠠᠭᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠢᠯᠠᠯᠲᠠ
ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠯᠳᠤᠭᠴᠢ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ
ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠡᠪᠰᠡᠯ
ᠫᠣᠯᠢᠰᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ
ᠲᠧᠮᠫᠯᠠᠷ
ᠬᠣᠣᠰᠫᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠯᠧᠷ
ᠭᠧᠷᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠷ ᠤᠴᠠᠷᠢ
ᠱᠯᠧᠽᠢᠶᠡᠩ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ
ᠢᠣᠬᠣᠨᠨᠢᠲ᠋ᠧᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠷ ᠤᠴᠠᠷᠢ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ
ᠠᠷᠢᠭᠤᠨ ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠡᠵᠡᠨᠲᠦ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠤᠭᠴᠢᠳ
ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠷ
ᠺᠠᠳᠠᠨ
ᠣᠷᠳᠣ
ᠱᠯᠧᠽᠢᠶᠡᠩ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠦᠨ II. ᠬᠧᠨ᠋ᠷᠢᠺ
ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠦᠴᠦ
8,000 ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦ -12,000 ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠮ ᠬᠥᠩᠭᠡᠨ ᠮᠣᠷᠢᠨ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ (ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠡᠨ 2 ᠲᠦᠮᠡᠨ) [1] 2,000[1]-25,000[2], ᠨᠣᠲᠠᠯᠠᠭᠳᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢ 60,000
ᠬᠣᠬᠢᠷᠠᠯ
ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠷᠬᠠᠢ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ 30,000-40,000, ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠴᠤ ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠳᠠᠭ
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ ᠪᠦᠰᠡᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠧᠨ᠋ᠷᠢᠺ II. ᠲᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠡᠯᠭᠦᠨ ᠰᠦᠷᠳᠡᠭᠦᠯᠵᠦ ᠪᠤᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯ᠃ (ᠸᠠᠷᠰᠢᠪᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠮᠦᠽᠧᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠡᠬᠡ ᠬᠤᠪᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠤᠢ)

ᠯᠧᠭᠨᠢᠼ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠯᠤᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ (ᠫᠣᠯᠢᠰᠢ ᠪᠡᠷ Bitwa pod Legnicą, ᠭᠧᠷᠮᠠᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ Schlacht von Liegnitz) ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠸᠠᠯᠱᠲᠠᠳᠲ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠯᠤᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ (ᠭᠧᠷᠮᠠᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ Schlacht bei Wahlstatt) ᠪᠣᠯ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠷ᠂ ᠺᠠᠳᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠮᠡᠬᠦ ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠩᠵᠤᠨ ᠤ 20000 ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠫᠣᠯᠢᠰᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ II ᠬᠧᠨ᠋ᠷᠢᠺ ᠸᠠᠩ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠫᠣᠯᠢᠰᠢ᠂ ᠭᠧᠷᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠪᠰᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ 60000 ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠢ ᠪᠤᠲᠠ ᠴᠣᠬᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠲᠤᠯᠤᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠲᠤᠯᠤᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠠᠲᠤ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠦᠪᠡᠭᠡᠳᠡᠢ ᠨᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ IV ᠪᠧᠯ ᠸᠠᠩ ᠤᠨ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠠᠦᠢᠰᠲᠷᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠧᠮᠫᠯᠧᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠣᠷᠳᠧᠨ ᠦ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠨ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠲᠤᠯᠤᠯᠳᠤᠬᠤ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠴᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ (ᠮᠣᠬᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠤᠯᠤᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ) ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠭᠦᠷ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠬᠠᠪᠰᠤᠷᠤᠨ ᠴᠣᠬᠢᠭᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠠᠶᠤᠯ ᠢ ᠵᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠰᠡᠷᠭᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠫᠣᠯᠢᠰᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠴᠥᠮᠥᠷᠡᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠴᠠᠢ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡᠬᠦ ᠲᠤᠯᠤᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠨᠢ ᠧᠦᠢᠷᠣᠫᠠᠴᠤᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠳᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠂ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠨᠣᠮᠯᠠᠯ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠬᠤ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠥᠭᠡᠷᠡᠴᠢᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠰᠤᠷᠭᠠᠮᠵᠢ ᠥᠭᠭᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡᠴᠢᠳ ᠦᠵᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. 1.0 1.1 AllEmpire.com. "The Battle of Liegnitz (Legnica), 1241". Accessed 5 October 2006.
  2. James Chambers. The Devil's Horsemen: The Mongol Invasion of Europe. Atheneum. New York. 1979. ISBN 0-689-10942-3

ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭᠡᠰᠦ