ᠯᠤᠪᠢᠽᠢᠶᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
— «ᠯᠤᠢᠽᠢᠶᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ» ᠭᠡᠳ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠳᠠᠪᠠ —
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠯᠤᠪᠢᠽᠢᠶᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
State of Louisiana
État de Louisiane
{{{ᠨᠡᠷᠡ}}} ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠯᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠣᠷᠵᠢᠶᠠ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ
[[{{{ᠨᠡᠷᠡ}}} ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠯᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ|ᠳᠠᠯᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ]] [[{{{ᠨᠡᠷᠡ}}} ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ|ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ]]
ᠬᠣᠴᠢ(ᠨ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ): Bayou State • Child of the Mississippi
Creole State • Pelican State • Sportsman's Paradise • Sugar State
ᠤᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ: Union, justice, et confiance (ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ)
Lunyon, justis, et confyans (ᠯᠤᠪᠢᠽᠢᠨᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠺᠷᠧᠣᠯ) (ᠡᠪ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠯ᠂ ᠰᠢᠳᠤᠷᠭᠤ ᠶᠣᠰᠣ᠂ ᠢᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ)
{{{ᠨᠡᠷᠡ}}} ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠢ ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠳᠧ ᠶᠷᠧ: ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ
ᠳᠧ ᠹᠠᠺᠲ᠋ᠣ: ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ
ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠪᠠᠲ᠋ᠣᠨ-ᠷᠤᠵᠤ
ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠶᠤ-ᠣᠷᠣᠯᠧᠠᠨᠰ[1][2]
ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠭᠡᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯ ᠨᠶᠤ-ᠣᠷᠣᠯᠧᠠᠨᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠣᠯᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ
ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠳᠡᠪᠢᠰᠬᠡᠷ  [[ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠳᠡᠪᠢᠰᠬᠡᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠵᠢᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠲᠠ|ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠦ 31 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ]]
 - ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ 135,382 км²
 - ᠥᠷᠭᠡᠨ 210 km
 - ᠤᠷᠲᠤ 610 km
 - ᠤᠰᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠵᠡᠯᠡᠬᠦ % 16
 - ᠥᠷᠭᠡᠷᠢᠭ 28° 56′ N - 33° 01′ N
 - ᠤᠷᠲᠤᠷᠢᠭ 88° 49′ W - 94° 03′ W
ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ  ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠦ 25 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
 - ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ 4,410,796 (2008 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ)[3]
4,468,976 (2000)
 - [[ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠰᠢᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠ|ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠰᠢᠯ]] 39.61/км²
[[ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠰᠢᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠵᠢᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠲᠠ|ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠦ 24 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ]]
ᠥᠨᠳᠥᠷ  
 - ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠨᠳᠥᠷ ᠴᠡᠭ ᠳᠷᠢᠰᠺᠢᠯ ᠠᠭᠤᠯᠠ[4]
163 ᠮ
 - ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠴᠢ 30 ᠮ
 - ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠠᠮ ᠴᠡᠭ ᠨᠶᠤ-ᠣᠷᠣᠯᠧᠠᠨᠰ[4]
-2 ᠮ
[[ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠣᠩᠨᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠵᠢᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠲᠠ|ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠦ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ]]  1812 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠡᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 30 (18)
ᠠᠮᠪᠠᠨ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠤᠭᠴᠢ ᠪᠣᠪᠪᠢ ᠵᠢᠩᠳᠠᠯ (ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠨᠠᠮ)
ᠳᠡᠳ᠋ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠤᠭᠴᠢ ᠮᠢᠲ᠋ᠴ ᠯᠠᠨᠳ᠋ᠷᠡᠶᠤ (АН)
ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠧᠨᠠᠲ᠋ᠴᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠮᠡᠷᠢ ᠯᠠᠨᠳ᠋ᠷᠡᠶᠤ (АН)
ᠳᠡᠪ ᠲᠦ ᠸᠢᠲ᠋ᠲ᠋ᠧᠷ (ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠨᠠᠮ)
ᠺᠣᠩᠷᠧᠰᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠥᠯᠥᠭᠡᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢᠳ 6 ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠨᠠᠮ᠂ 1 АН (ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠ)
ᠴᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ ᠲᠥᠪ: UTC-6/-5
ᠲᠣᠪᠴᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠳ LA US-LA
ᠸᠪᠰᠠᠢ ᠳᠤ www.louisiana.gov

ᠯᠤᠪᠢᠽᠢᠶᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ (ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ State of Louisiana, ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ État de Louisiane) ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠤᠷᠤᠰᠢᠬᠤ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ᠃ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠠᠲ᠋ᠣᠨ-ᠷᠤᠵᠤ᠂ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠨᠶᠤ-ᠣᠷᠣᠯᠧᠠᠨᠰ. ᠯᠤᠪᠢᠽᠢᠶᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠫᠠᠷᠢᠰᠢ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠶᠠᠭᠳᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠴᠣᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠭᠴᠠ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠺᠠᠤᠨᠠᠲ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠠᠳᠠᠯᠢᠳᠬᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃

ᠯᠤᠪᠢᠽᠢᠨᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠷᠢᠮ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ XVIII ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢᠠᠹᠷᠢᠺᠠᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠤᠶᠤᠯ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠲᠡᠢ ᠨᠥᠯᠦᠭᠡᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠶᠠᠩᠵᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠤᠶᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠪ ᠤᠯᠠᠮᠵᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠢ ᠬᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠮᠢᠴᠡ᠃ 19 ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠬᠢ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠᠴᠤᠳ ᠣᠷᠣᠵᠤ ᠢᠷᠡᠵᠦ᠂ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠡᠮᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠣᠳᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠯᠤᠪᠢᠽᠢᠶᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠳᠡᠪᠢᠰᠬᠡᠷ ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ᠂ ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠺᠣᠯᠣᠨᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠯ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡᠴᠡᠭᠡ XVIII ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠠᠹᠷᠢᠺᠠᠴᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠢᠯᠠᠩᠭᠤᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠠᠹᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠠᠪᠴᠢᠷᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠡᠳᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠰᠤᠶᠤᠯ ᠲᠥᠪᠯᠡᠷᠡᠬᠦ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠰᠢᠯᠲᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠠᠢ᠃

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. New Orleans a 'ghost town' after thousands flee Gustav: mayor August 31, 2008.
  2. "Expert: N.O. population at 273,000", WWL-TV, August 7, 2007. 2007-08-14 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 
  3. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008. United States Census Bureau. 2009-02-01 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  4. 4.0 4.1 Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (April 29, 2005). November 6 2006 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃

ᠨᠣᠮᠵᠦ᠋ᠢ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  • Yiannopoulos, A.N., The Civil Codes of Louisiana (reprinted from Civil Law System: Louisiana and Comparative law, A Coursebook: Texts, Cases and Materials, 3d Edition; similar to version in preface to Louisiana Civil Code, ed. by Yiannopoulos)
  • Rodolfo Batiza, The Louisiana Civil Code of 1808: Its Actual Sources and Present Relevance, 46 TUL. L. REV. 4 (1971); Rodolfo Batiza, Sources of the Civil Code of 1808, Facts and Speculation: A Rejoinder, 46 TUL. L. REV. 628 (1972); Robert A. Pascal, Sources of the Digest of 1808: A Reply to Professor Batiza, 46 TUL. L. REV. 603 (1972); Joseph M. Sweeney, Tournament of Scholars Over the Sources of the Civil Code of 1808,46 TUL. L. REV. 585 (1972).
  • The standard history of the state, though only through the Civil War, is Charles Gayarré's History of Louisiana (various editions, culminating in 1866, 4 vols., with a posthumous and further expanded edition in 1885).
  • A number of accounts by 17th and 18th century French explorers, among whom the following at least should be cited: Jean-Bernard Bossu, François-Marie Perrin du Lac, Pierre-François-Xavier de Charlevoix, Dumont (as published by Fr. Mascrier), Fr. Louis Hennepin, Lahontan, Louis Narcisse Baudry des Lozières, Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe, and Laval. In this group, the explorer Antoine Simon Le Page du Pratz may be considered the first historian of Louisiana with his Histoire de la Louisiane (3 vols., Paris, 1758; 2 vols., London, 1763)
  • François Xavier Martin's History of Louisiana (2 vols., New Orleans, 1827–1829, later ed. by J. F. Condon, continued to 1861, New Orleans, 1882) is the first scholarly treatment of the subject, along with François Barbé-Marbois' Histoire de la Louisiane et de la cession de colonie par la France aux Etats-Unis (Paris, 1829; in English, Philadelphia, 1830).
  • Alcée Fortier's A History of Louisiana (N.Y., 4 vols., 1904) is the most recent of the large-scale scholarly histories of the state.
  • The official works of Albert Phelps and Grace King should also be mentioned among the more important, as well as the publications of the Louisiana Historical Society and several works on the history of New Orleans (q.v.), among them those by Henry Rightor and John Smith Kendall.

ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠰᠤ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ
ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ
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