ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
Rome Colosseum inscription 2.jpg
ᠺᠣᠯᠢᠽᠧᠢ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ
ᠥᠪᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ Lingua latina
ᠲᠠᠷᠬᠠᠯᠲᠠ ᠡᠷᠲᠡ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠡᠵᠡᠨᠲᠦ ᠭᠦᠷᠦᠨ ᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠮᠡᠲᠦ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ᠂ ᠥᠷᠥᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠲᠦ ᠲᠠᠷᠬᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠯ᠎ᠠ᠃ 6-9 ᠍ ᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠶᠡᠰ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠷᠣᠮᠠᠨ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠤ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠷᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠮᠥᠬᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠦᠵᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃
ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠩᠬᠢᠯᠠᠯ
ᠡᠨᠡᠳᠬᠡᠭ-ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ
  • ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ
    • ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ-ᠹᠠᠯᠢᠰᠺ
      • ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ 
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠡ
ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠸᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠺᠠᠨ
ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠴᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠡᠷᠲᠡ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠵᠥᠪ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ᠂ ᠤᠷᠠᠨ ᠤᠩᠰᠢᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠤᠷᠭᠠᠭᠤᠯᠢ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ᠃[1]
ᠣᠳᠣ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠤ 《ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠰᠠᠩ》 (ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ 《Opus Fundatum Latinitas》).[2]
ᠲᠣᠮᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ
ISO 639-1 la
ISO 639-2 lat
ISO 639-3 lat
Roman Empire map.svg
ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠡᠵᠡᠨᠲᠦ ᠭᠦᠷᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠭᠤᠤ ᠲᠡᠯᠡᠯᠲᠡ (ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ 117 ᠣᠨ)
RomanceLanguages.png
ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠤᠯᠠᠮᠵᠢᠯᠠᠨ ᠵᠠᠯᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠥᠨᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠷᠣᠮᠠᠨ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠲᠠᠷᠬᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ

ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ (ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ lingua latīna) ᠨᠢ ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭᠳᠠᠳᠠᠭ[3]ᠯᠠᠴᠢᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠡᠷᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠷᠤᠮᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠭᠳᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ᠃ ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠯᠳᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠲᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠬᠡᠩᠬᠢ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠲᠦ ᠲᠠᠷᠬᠠᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠺᠠᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠠᠨᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢᠫᠣᠷᠲ᠋ᠤᠭᠠᠯᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡ ᠷᠣᠮᠠᠨ ᠣᠪᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠯ ᠲᠠᠢ[4] ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠥᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ᠂ ᠢᠯᠠᠩᠭᠤᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠦᠭᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠩᠭᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠵᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠠᠵᠡᠢ᠃ ᠠᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠳᠣᠯᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠢ ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠪᠠ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠤᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ᠂ ᠡᠷᠳᠡᠮ ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠡᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡ ᠭᠦᠢᠴᠡᠳᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠭᠠᠵᠢᠮ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠲᠦ ᠰᠢᠬᠠᠭᠳᠠᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠸᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠺᠠᠨᠳ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠺᠠᠲ᠋ᠣᠯᠢᠭ ᠰᠦᠮ᠎ᠡ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠲᠦ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠯᠠᠯ ᠮᠥᠷᠭᠥᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃


ᠲᠠᠶᠢᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. "Schools", Britannica (1911 ed.)
  2. Opus Fundatum Latinitas is an organ of the Roman Catholic Church, and regulates Latin with respect to its status as official language of the Holy See and for use by Catholic clergy.
  3. Sandys, John Edwin (1910). A companion to Latin studies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 811-812. 
  4. Bryson, Bill (1996). The mother tongue: English and how it got that way. New York: Avon Books, 33-34. 

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  • Bennett, Charles E. (1908). Latin Grammar. Chicago: Allyn and Bacon. 
  • Herman, József (2000). Vulgar Latin. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. 
  • Palmer, Frank Robert (1984). Grammar, 2nd, Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England; New York, N.Y., U.S.A.: Penguin Books. 
  • Vincent, N. (1990), "Latin", in Harris, M., The Romance Languages, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-520829-3
  • Waquet, Françoise (2003). Latin, or the Empire of a Sign: From the Sixteenth to the Twentieth Centuries. Verso. ISBN 1-85984-402-2. 
  • Wheelock, Frederic (2005). Latin: An Introduction, 6th, Collins. ISBN 0-06-078423-7. 

ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠰᠤ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

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