ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ

ᠡᠨᠡᠬᠦ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠡᠷᠲᠡ ᠪᠠ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠣᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠮᠵᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠷᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ
ᠪᠢᠳᠠ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ[1] Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
ᠰᠢᠨᠦᠢ – ᠾᠦᠩᠨᠦ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠡᠪᠦᠭᠡ
ᠵᠣᠩᠰᠢᠨᠢ ᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠷᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠡᠮᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ VI–ᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠷᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠡᠮᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ 296 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠾᠬᠦᠩᠨᠦᠴᠦᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ᠾᠦᠩᠨᠦ ᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠷᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠡᠮᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ 209–
ᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠷᠡᠨ ᠦ 93/ᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠷᠡᠨ ᠦ 156?
4,030,000 km2
(ᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠷᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠡᠮᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ 176)[2]
Hunnu Empire.jpg ᠯᠤᠤᠲᠤ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ᠂
(ᠯᠤᠩᠴᠡᠨᠢ)
ᠣᠷᠬᠣᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠷᠭᠢ
Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
ᠶᠢᠪᠠᠨᠢ 160–490 90px Flag of Kazakhstan.svg ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ
ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠤᠯᠠᠪᠤᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠡᠷᠢᠭᠦᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠵᠢᠣ
(ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠤᠯᠠᠪᠤᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠡᠷᠢᠭᠦᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠬᠠᠨ)
304–329 2,000,000 km2
( ᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠷᠡᠨ ᠦ 316)[3]
Lishi (304-305)
Liting (305-308)
Puzi (308-309)
Pingyang (309-318)
Chang'an (318-329)
Shanggui (329)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠤᠮᠠᠷᠠᠳᠤ ᠯᠠᠨᠢ 397–460 China400ce.png Jiankang (397-398)
Zhangye (398-412)
Guzang (412-439)
Jiuquan (440-441)
Dunhuang (441-442)
Shanshan (442)
Gaochang (442-460)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
ᠰᠢ 407–431 Tongwan (418-427)
Shanggui (427-428)
Pingliang (428-430)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
ᠰᠢᠨᠪᠢᠴᠢ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨᠪᠢ 93/156?–234 Mongolia III.jpg ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠷᠤᠭᠤ Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠯᠠᠨᠢ 397–414 Asia 400ad.jpg Lianchuan (397-399)
Ledu (399, 402-406, 410-414)
Xiping (399-402)
Guzang (406-410)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠴᠢᠨᠢ 385–431 Yongshicheng (385-386)
Wanchuan (386-388, 400, 410-412)

Jincheng (388-395)
Xicheng (395-400)
Dujianshan (409-410)
Tanjiao (412)
Fuhan (412-429)
Dinglian (429-430)
Nan'an (430-431)

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠬᠠᠭᠤᠴᠢᠨ ᠶᠠᠨᠢ 337–370 Jicheng (337-341)
Longcheng (341-350)
Jicheng (350-357)
Yecheng (357-370)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠶᠠᠨᠢ 384–394 Chang'an (385-386)
Zhangzi (386-394)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠮᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠨᠪᠢᠴᠢ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ᠬᠣᠵᠢᠭᠤ ᠶᠠᠨᠢ 384–409 Asia 400ad.jpg Zhongshan (386-397)
Longcheng (397-409)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠲᠤᠭᠤᠬᠤᠨᠢ 284–672 Nirun, Tuyuhun, Yueban, Tuoba Wei.jpg Fuqi Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠲᠣᠪᠠᠴᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ᠳᠠᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 315–377 Shengle Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠲᠣᠪᠠ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
(ᠲᠣᠪᠠ ᠸᠡᠢ᠂ ᠤᠮᠠᠷᠠᠳᠤ ᠸᠡᠢ)
386–535 2,000,000 km2
(450)[3]
Nirun, Tuyuhun, Yueban, Tuoba Wei.jpg Shengle (386-398,
capital of former
Dai)
Pingcheng (398-493)
Luoyang (493-534)
Chang'an (534-535)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠸᠡᠢ 534–550 1,000,000 km2
(550 AD)[3]
西魏・東魏・梁.PNG Luoyang (534)
Yecheng (534-550)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠸᠡᠢ 535–557 1,300,000 km2
(МЭ 557)[3]
Chang'an Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠢᠦᠢᠪᠢᠨᠢ
ᠤᠮᠠᠷᠠᠳᠤ ᠵᠢᠤ 557–581 1,500,000 km2
(МЭ 577)[3]
Northern and Southern Dynasties 560 CE.png Chang'an Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠨᠢᠷᠤᠨ (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠰᠤᠳᠤᠯᠤᠭᠠᠴᠢᠳ ᠨᠢᠷᠤᠨ ᠢ ᠰᠢᠨᠪ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠶᠡᠰ ᠵᠠᠭᠠᠭᠯᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠳᠡᠭ ᠴᠤ ᠵᠠᠷᠢᠮ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠡᠷᠳᠡᠮᠲᠡᠳ ᠨᠢᠷᠤᠨ ᠢ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨᠪᠢ ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠭᠤᠯᠳᠠᠭ)
ᠨᠢᠷᠤᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 330–555 4,000,000 km2
(405 AD)[3][4]
Nirun, Tuyuhun, Yueban, Tuoba Wei.jpg ᠮᠦᠮᠣ᠋ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ᠂
ᠣᠷᠬᠣᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ᠂
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠳᠤ
Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan
Flag of Russia.svg Russia
ᠬᠢᠳᠠᠨᠴᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ᠬᠢᠳᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
(ᠯᠢᠶᠣᠣ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ)
907–1125 2,600,000 km2
(947)[4][5]
4,000,000 km2
(1111)
Mongolia XI.jpg Shangjing Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ
ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ:Country data ᠤᠮᠠᠷᠠᠲᠤ ᠰᠣᠯᠣᠩᠭᠣᠰ
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠠᠨᠮᠠᠷᠺ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 926–936 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠤᠮᠠᠷᠠᠲᠤ ᠯᠢᠶᠣᠣ 1122–1123 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠢᠳᠠᠨ 1124/
1125–1221
2,500,000 km2
(1210)[4]
KaraKhitaiAD1200.png ᠺᠢᠷᠭᠢᠽᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ ᠤ Balasagun ᠬᠣᠲᠠ Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠯᠢᠶᠣᠣ 1211–1220 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠢᠳᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠤᠯᠲᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1220 ᠍ ᠢᠤᠳ᠋ ᠣᠨ–1306 Flag of Iran.svg ᠢᠷᠡᠨ
ᠲᠠᠲᠠᠪᠢ (ᠺᠦ᠋ᠮᠣᠰᠢ)
ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠰᠢ 1123 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠳ
ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠲᠠᠪᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ–1206 Mongol Empire c.1207.png Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠶᠢᠳᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠨᠯᠢᠭ ᠲᠠᠪᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ–1203 Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠮᠡᠷᠬᠢᠳᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠨᠯᠢᠭ XI–ᠳᠣᠯᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ
(ᠳᠣᠯᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠥᠷᠢᠴᠡᠯ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠰᠢᠯᠲᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠨ ᠪᠤᠲᠠᠷᠠᠴᠢ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠯᠲᠠᠢ)
Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠠᠨᠯᠢᠭ Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
ᠲᠠᠲ᠋ᠠᠷ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠨᠯᠢᠭ VI—X
(IX – ᠳᠣᠯᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ?) ᠳᠣᠯᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠥᠷᠢᠴᠡᠯ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠰᠢᠯᠲᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠨ ᠪᠤᠲᠠᠷᠠᠴᠢ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠯᠲᠠᠢ
Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of the Mongol Empire.svg ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1206–1271
(1368)
33,000,000 km2[4][6] Mongol dominions.jpg Avarga (1206–35)
Karakorum (1235–60)
Dadu (1260–1368)
Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia
Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia
Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong
Flag of India.svg India
Flag of Iran.svg Iran
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
Flag of Laos.svg Laos
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania
Flag of Macau.svg Macau
Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova
Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar
Flag of North Korea.svg North Korea
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan
Flag of Poland.svg Poland
Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea
Flag of Syria.svg Syria
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam
ᠶᠤᠸᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1271-1368 14,000,000 km2
(1310)[5]
Yuan Dynasty 1294.png ᠬᠠᠨᠪᠠᠯᠢᠭ
(ᠪᠡᠭᠡᠵᠢᠩ)
Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong
Flag of Macau.svg ᠤᠤᠮᠸᠨᠨ

Flag of India.svg ᠡᠨᠡᠳᠬᠡᠭ
Flag of North Korea.svg North Korea
Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea
Flag of Laos.svg Laos
Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar
Flag of Russia.svg Russia

Flag of Golden Horde-2-.svg ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨ ᠣᠷᠳᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨ ᠣᠷᠳᠣ 1240–1502 6,000,000 km2
(1310)[4]
MongolEmpireDivisions1300.png Sarai Batu Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine


Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan
Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus
Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
Flag of Poland.svg Poland

ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠣᠷᠳᠣ 1466–1502 Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of the Chagatai Khanate.svg ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠳᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠳᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
1225–1340 ᠍ ᠢᠤᠳ᠋ ᠣᠨ 3,500,000 km2
(1310)[4][5]
Chagatai Khanate map en.svg Almaliq
Qarshi
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan


Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
Flag of India.svg India

ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠳᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1340 ᠍ ᠢᠤᠳ᠋ ᠣᠨ–1370
ᠮᠣᠭᠣᠯᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ 1340–1462 Mongolia XVI.png
ᠬᠠᠷᠳᠦᠯ 1383–1513 ᠬᠠᠮᠢᠯFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of the Ilkhanate.svg ᠢᠯ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨᠲᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ᠢᠯ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨᠲᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1256–1335 3,750,000 km2
(1310)[4][5]
Ilkhanate in 1256–1353.PNG Maragha (1256–1265)
Tabriz (1265–1306)
Soltaniyeh (1306–1335)
Flag of Iran.svg Iran
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia
Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq
Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia
Flag of Syria.svg Syria
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
Flag of Russia.svg Russia
ᠴᠣᠪᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1335–1357 IranaftertheIlkhanate.png ᠲᠧᠪᠷᠢᠽ Flag of Iran.svg ᠢᠷᠡᠨ
Injuids 1335–1357 Baghdad (Till 1411)
Basra (1411-1432)
Flag of Iran.svg ᠢᠷᠡᠨ
Flag of Iraq.svg ᠢᠷᠠᠺ
Jalayirid Sultanate 1335–1432 Baghdad (Till 1411)
Basra (1411-1432)
Flag of Iran.svg ᠢᠷᠡᠨ
Flag of Iraq.svg ᠢᠷᠠᠺ
ᠠᠷᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1479?–1599? Flag of Afghanistan.svg ᠠᠹᠬᠠᠨᠨᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ
Flag of Pakistan.svg ᠫᠠᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1368–1691 5,000,000 km2
(1550)[5]
Mongolia XVI.png Shangdu (1368–69)
Yingchang (1369–70)
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠬᠣᠷᠣᠮ (1371–88)

Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ

ᠬᠣᠲᠣᠭᠣᠶᠢᠳ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠨᠯᠢᠭ
(ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭᠲᠤ ᠬᠠᠨ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠲᠤ)
Xᠵᠢᠷᠭᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠴᠢ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠠᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠳᠣᠯᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ Mongolia XVII.png ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠳᠤ Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
ᠣᠶᠢᠷᠠᠳ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ
ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠡᠨ ᠣᠶᠢᠷᠠᠳ 1399–1634 1,000,000 km2
(XV - Xᠵᠢᠷᠭᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ)[7]
~1,600,000 km2
(ᠠᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠳᠣᠯᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠬᠢ)[8]
Mongolia XVI.png Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan
Flag of Russia.svg Russia
ᠵᠦᠩᠭᠠᠷ 1634–1758 ~ 3,500,000 — 4,000,000 km2 Mongolia XVII.png Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
ᠬᠣᠱᠤᠳ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠨᠯᠢᠭ 1642?–1717 ~1,400,000 km2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
ᠬᠠᠯᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠨᠲᠠ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1630–1771 Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ

ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠣᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠮᠵᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠷᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ
ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ ᠍ ᠤᠨ
ᠪᠠᠯᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
1919–1926[9][10][11][12] Flag of Buryatia.svg ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠴᠡᠩᠭᠡ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭᠲ᠂
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
БН ᠣᠶᠢᠷᠠᠳ-ᠬᠠᠯᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1930 Flag of Kalmykia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
Flag of Kalmykia.svg ᠬᠠᠯᠢᠮᠠᠭ, ᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ?
БН ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1945[13] ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳᠥᠪᠥᠷ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921).svg ᠣᠯᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠡᠷᠭᠦᠭᠳᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1911-1924 Mongolia 1915.jpg ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠬᠦᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ
(ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ)
Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1940-1992).svg ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1924-1992 ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ
Flag of Russia.svg ᠣᠷᠣᠰ
ᠵᠢᠵᠢᠭ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠢ ᠡᠭᠦᠰᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠯ᠎ᠠ: Unable to save thumbnail to destination
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
1992–ᠣᠳᠣ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ 1,564,115.75 km2 Un-mongolia.png Flag of Mongolia.svg ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ

ᠠᠦ᠋ᠲ᠋ᠣᠨᠣᠮᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠳ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠣᠷᠣᠰ ᠳ᠋ᠠᠬᠢ ᠠᠦ᠋ᠲ᠋ᠣᠨᠣᠮᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠳ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠣᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠮᠵᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ
ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ-ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1917–1921 ᠴᠢᠲ᠋ᠠ
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ-ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ 1922–1923
ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ-ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ 1921–1923
ᠵᠥᠪᠯᠡᠯᠲᠦ ᠰᠣᠴᠢᠶᠠᠯᠢᠰᠲᠤ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ-ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1923–1958 ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ-ᠦᠳᠡ Buryat-Mongol ASSR in 1925.jpg
ᠵᠥᠪᠯᠡᠯᠲᠦ ᠰᠣᠴᠢᠶᠠᠯᠢᠰᠲᠤ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1958–1992 Russia - Buryat Republic (2008-01).svg
ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1992 ᠍ ᠣᠳᠣ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ 351,300 km2
ᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ-ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ 1937–1958 ᠠᠭᠢᠨᠰᠺᠣᠧ Russia - Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug (2008-01).svg
ᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ 1958–1977
ᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ 1977–2008 9,6002
ᠤᠰᠠᠳᠢ-ᠣᠷᠳᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ-ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ 1937–1958 ᠤᠰᠠᠳᠢ-ᠣᠷᠳ᠋ ᠍ ᠤᠨᠰᠺ ᠦ RussiaUst-OrdaBuryatia2007-07.svg
ᠤᠰᠠᠳᠢ-ᠣᠷᠳᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ 1958–1978
ᠤᠰᠠᠳᠢ-ᠣᠷᠳᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ 1978–2008 22,1382
ᠬᠠᠯᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ 1920–1935
1957–1958
ᠠᠰᠲᠷᠠᠬᠠᠨᠢ (till 1928)
Elista
90px
ᠵᠥᠪᠯᠡᠯᠲᠦ ᠰᠣᠴᠢᠶᠠᠯᠢᠰᠲᠤ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠠᠯᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1935–1943
1958–1990
ᠡᠯᠡᠰᠦᠲᠦ Russia - Republic of Kalmykia (2008-01).svg
ᠵᠥᠪᠯᠡᠯᠲᠦ ᠰᠣᠴᠢᠶᠠᠯᠢᠰᠲᠤ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠠᠯᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1990–1992
ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠠᠯᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ (ᠬᠠᠯᠢᠮᠠᠭ-ᠲᠠᠨᠤᠭᠴᠢ) 1992–1994
ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠠᠯᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1994–ᠣᠳᠣ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ 76,100 km2

ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠠᠦ᠋ᠲ᠋ᠣᠨᠣᠮᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠳ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠠᠦ᠋ᠲ᠋ᠣᠨᠣᠮᠢᠲᠤ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠳ
ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠣᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠮᠵᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ
ᠮᠡᠩᠢᠩ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1936–1945 ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠯᠭᠠᠨ
(ᠵᠠᠩᠴᠠᠬᠦᠦ)
Mengjiang.png
ᠥᠪᠥᠷ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ 1947–ᠣᠳᠣ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠬᠦᠬᠡᠬᠤᠲᠠ 1,183,000 km2
Inner Mongolia in China (+all claims hatched).svg
ᠭᠠᠨᠢᠰᠤ
Subei Mongol Autonomous County Location of Subei within Gansu (China).png
ᠾᠸᠪᠸᠢ
Weichang Manchu and Mongol Autonomous County
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠮᠦ᠋ᠷᠡᠨ
Dorbod Mongol Autonomous County
ᠭᠢᠷᠢᠨ
Qian Gorlos Mongol Autonomous County
ᠯᠢᠶᠤᠤᠨᠢᠩ
Harqin Left Mongol Autonomous County
Fuxin Mongol Autonomous County
ᠬᠥᠬᠡᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ
Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture Qinghai subdivisions - Haixi.svg
Henan Mongol Autonomous County
ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠶᠠᠩ
Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture Korla 462,700 km2
China Xinjiang Bayingolin.svg
Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture Bortala
(Bortal)
China Xinjiang Bortala.svg
Hoboksar Mongol Autonomous County ᠬᠣᠪᠣᠭᠰᠠᠶᠢᠷ
(Hoboksar)
Location of Hoboksar within Xinjiang (China).png

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. ᠢᠨᠵᠢᠨᠤᠰᠢ "ᠬᠥᠬᠡ ᠰᠤᠳᠤᠷ"
  2. Claudio Cioffi-Revilla, J. Daniel Rogers, Steven P. Wilcox, & Jai Alterman, "Computing the Steppes: Data Analysis for Agent-Based Modeling of Polities in Inner Asia", Proceedings of the 104th Annual Meeting of the Amer. Pol. Sci. Assoc., Boston, Massachusetts, 8 ᠍ ᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ᠃ 2008 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 8 ᠍ ᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 28–31
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Rein Taagepera "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D.", Social Science History Vol. 3, 115-138 (1979)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Jonathan M. Adams, Thomas D. Hall and Peter Turchin (2006). East-West Orientation of Historical Empires.Journal of World-Systems Research (University of Connecticut). 12 (no. 2): 219–229.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Rein Taagepera (September 1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia". International Studies Quarterly 41 (3): 475–504.
  6. Morgan. The Mongols. p. 5.
  7. ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨᠠᠯᠮᠠᠲ ᠤᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠢ ᠣᠷᠤᠯᠴᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠨ᠃ 14 ᠍ ᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯ ᠳᠦ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠢ ᠬᠢᠨᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠴᠤ ᠵᠠᠷᠢᠮ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠨᠲᠠ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ (1465–1847), ᠰᠢᠪᠸᠷᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠨᠯᠢᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠰᠢᠬᠠᠭᠳᠠᠨ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠲᠡᠰᠢ ᠤᠬᠤᠷᠢᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠪᠠ᠃ ᠭᠡᠪᠡᠴᠦ ᠡᠷᠴᠢᠰ ᠮᠥᠷᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠡᠷᠭᠢ᠂ ᠵᠠᠶᠢᠰᠠᠩ ᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠮ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠩᠭᠤ ᠬᠢᠨᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠯᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠴᠠᠢ᠃ 16 ᠍ ᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠬᠢᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠴᠠᠪ ᠲᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠳᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠡᠯᠢᠶᠡᠳ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠢ ᠡᠵᠡᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠴᠤ ᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠠᠯᠠᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠨᠢ ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠢ км² ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠠᠢ᠃ 16 ᠍ ᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯ ᠮᠥᠨ 1603 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠲᠣᠭᠣᠶᠢᠳ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠲᠡᠢ ᠳᠣᠪᠲᠣᠯᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠥᠷᠲᠥᠨ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠰᠢᠬᠠᠭᠳᠠᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠰᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠴᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠰ ᠲᠤ ᠴᠣᠬᠢᠭᠳᠠᠨ ᠤᠨᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠪᠸᠷᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠨᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠡᠯᠢᠶᠡᠳ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠮᠥᠨ ᠳᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤᠰᠤ ᠍ ᠢ ᠡᠵᠡᠯᠡᠵᠡᠢ᠃ ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠨ 1623 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠣᠶᠢᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠠᠯᠠᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃
  8. ᠳᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤᠰᠤ ᠶᠢ ᠪᠦᠬᠦᠯᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠨᠢ ᠴᠥᠭᠡᠨ ᠬᠡᠳᠦᠨ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠨᠯᠢᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠡᠷᠭᠢᠭᠡᠳ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠬᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠨᠢ ᠤᠷᠢᠳᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠳᠠᠯᠢ ᠣᠶᠢᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠦᠯᠡᠳᠡᠵᠡᠢ᠃
  9. ᠪᠢᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠠᠨᠳᠠᠷᠤᠨ
  10. ᠪᠠᠯᠠᠭᠠᠳᠰᠺᠣᠧ ᠳᠪᠡᠵᠧᠨᠧ
  11. ᠲᠧᠣᠺᠷᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠴᠧᠰᠺᠣᠧ ᠳᠪᠡᠵᠧᠨᠧ ᠸ ᠬᠣᠷᠢᠨᠰᠺᠣᠮ ᠸᠧᠳᠣᠮᠰᠲ᠋ᠸᠧ ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠢ :1919–1926 ᠭᠭ᠃
  12. БАЛАГАТСКОЕ ДВИЖЕНИЕ
  13. ᠳᠠᠸᠠᠰᠠᠮᠪᠤᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ МӨРӨН "ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠥᠪᠥᠷ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠴᠢᠷ"

ᠮᠥᠨ ᠦᠵᠡᠬᠦ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

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