ᠮᠢᠶᠠᠭ᠍ᠮᠠᠷ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
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ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ
ᠮᠠᠶᠠᠩᠮᠤᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်
Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw

ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠯᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠤᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ:
《ᠬᠣᠷᠸ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠢᠵᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ》
(မ္ဘာမကြေ ᠭᠠᠪᠠ ᠮᠠ ᠴᠧ)
ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯᠨᠢᠫᠢᠶᠢᠳᠣ (0.9 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ)
ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠶᠠᠩ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ (4.3 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ)
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠢᠷᠮ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠪᠢᠷᠮ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ
ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠲᠦᠮᠡᠨ  ᠮᠠᠶᠠᠩᠮᠤᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠲᠦᠮᠡᠨ →
68% – ᠪᠢᠷᠮ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ
9% – ᠱᠠᠩ ᠶᠠᠰᠤᠲᠠᠨ
7% – ᠺᠠᠷᠧᠨ ᠶᠠᠰᠤᠲᠠᠨ
16% – ᠪᠤᠰᠤᠳ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠲᠦᠮᠡᠨ
 -  ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠮᠢᠶᠠᠭ᠍ᠮᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠢᠨ
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠮᠡᠯ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ
ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠮᠡᠳᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ
ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠲᠠᠢ
 -  ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠲᠧᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠧᠢᠨ (2011)
 -  ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠳᠡᠳ᠋
ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ
ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠨ ᠮᠠᠦ᠋ ᠺᠠᠬᠠᠨ (2011)
ᠨᠠᠨ ᠲᠤᠬᠤᠨ (2012)
ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯ
 -  ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦ ᠲᠠᠩᠬᠢᠮ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠶᠠᠰᠤᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯ
 -  ᠳᠣᠣᠷᠠᠳᠣ ᠲᠠᠩᠬᠢᠮ ᠲᠥᠯᠥᠭᠡᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯ
ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡ ᠣᠨ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ
 -  849-12-23 ᠠᠩᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠫᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 
 -  1510-10-16 ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠷᠲᠤ ᠲᠠᠤᠩᠭᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 
 -  1948-01-04 ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠪᠷᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ(ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ)ᠠᠰ ᠰᠠᠯᠵᠤ᠂
ᠪᠢᠷᠮ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠰᠡᠷᠭᠦᠪᠡ 
 -  1989 ᠣᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠰᠣᠯᠢᠭᠳᠠᠪᠠ 
ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠳᠡᠪᠢᠰᠬᠡᠷ
 -  ᠪᠦᠬᠦ ᠲᠠᠯᠠᠪᠠᠢ 676,578 km2 (40)
 -  ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠷᠭᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠰᠤ (%) 3.06
ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ
 -  ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ (2010) 60,280,000[1] (24)
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠴᠠ ᠰᠡᠶᠢᠷᠡᠭ 73.9 ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ/km2 
GDP (ХАЧТ) 2010 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
 -  ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦᠩ $76.473 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ[2] ᠬᠤᠳᠠᠯᠳᠤᠨ ᠠᠪᠬᠤ ᠴᠢᠳᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠲᠡᠭᠰᠢᠳᠬᠡᠭᠳᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ GDP  ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠲᠡᠯᠡᠭᠡᠢ ᠳᠦ 76  ᠳᠦ
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦ $1,250[2] ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠣᠨᠣᠭᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠤᠳᠠᠯᠳᠤᠨ ᠠᠪᠬᠤ ᠴᠢᠳᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠲᠡᠭᠰᠢᠳᠬᠡᠭᠳᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ GDP  ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠲᠡᠯᠡᠭᠡᠢ ᠳᠦ163 ᠳᠦ
GDP (ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ) 2010 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
 -  ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦᠩ $42.953 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ[2]  ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠭᠡᠭᠳᠡᠬᠦᠨ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠲᠡᠯᠡᠭᠡᠢ ᠳᠦ76 ᠳᠦ
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦ $702[2] ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠣᠨᠣᠭᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ GDP  ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠲᠡᠯᠡᠭᠡᠢ ᠳᠦ155]])
ᠬᠡᠦᠬᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠢᠨᠳᠧᠺᠰ (2010) 0.451[3] (ᠳᠣᠣᠭᠤᠷ) (132)
ᠮᠥᠩᠭᠥᠨ ᠦ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠺᠠᠶᠠᠲᠤ (MMK)
ᠴᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ +06:30
ᠵᠠᠮ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠥᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ
ᠳ᠋ᠦᠮᠠᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ .mm
ᠤᠲᠠᠰᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠮᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ 95

ᠮᠢᠶᠠᠭ᠍ᠮᠠᠷ (ᠮᠢᠶᠠᠭ᠍ᠮᠠᠷ: မြန်မာ ᠮᠠᠶᠠᠩᠮ᠎ᠠ), ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠭᠠᠷ ᠮᠠᠶᠠᠩᠮᠤᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠡᠨᠡᠳᠬᠡᠭ-ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠭᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠠᠽᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ᠂ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠯᠠᠤᠤ᠂ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠤᠷᠢᠳᠤ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠲᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠨᠳ᠋ , ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠪᠧᠩᠭᠠᠯ᠂ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠡᠨᠡᠳᠬᠡᠭ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠬᠢᠯᠢᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠪᠠ ᠮᠥᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤᠷᠢᠳᠤ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠨᠢ ᠮᠠᠷᠲᠠᠪᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠤᠯᠤᠨᠠᠨᠳᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠮᠢᠶᠠᠭ᠍ᠮᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ 40 ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ 676,578 ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠡᠯᠵᠢᠨ ᠺᠢᠯᠣᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠲᠠᠢ᠂ 24 ᠳ᠋ᠡᠬᠢ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠰᠢᠭᠢᠭᠦᠦ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠰᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠂ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ 58.8 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠤᠶᠤᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠬᠥᠷᠰᠢ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠨᠥᠯᠥᠭᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠲᠡᠢ ᠲᠤᠰᠬᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠪᠤᠳ᠋ᠳ᠋ᠾᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠥᠯᠭᠡᠨᠢᠢ ᠤᠷᠤᠰᠬᠠᠯ ᠳᠤ ᠲᠤᠯᠭᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠭᠧᠨᠧᠷᠠᠯ ᠨᠧ ᠸᠢᠨᠢᠢ ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠣᠹᠢᠼᠧᠷ ᠤᠳ 1962 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠤ ᠨᠤᠭᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠢᠷᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭᠯᠠᠯ ᠢ ᠲᠦᠯᠬᠢᠨ ᠤᠨᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠰᠢ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠤᠨᠲᠤ ᠍ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭᠯᠠᠯ ᠨᠣᠶᠠᠷᠬᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠤᠢ᠃ ᠪᠢᠷᠮ ᠮᠠᠶ᠋ᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠣᠴᠢᠶᠠᠯᠢᠮ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠢ ᠶᠠᠳᠠᠭᠤᠷᠠᠯ ᠷᠤ ᠭᠦᠨᠵᠡᠭᠡᠢ ᠲᠦᠯᠬᠢᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ 1989 ᠣᠨ ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠢᠷᠮ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠪᠠ᠃

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. <http://www.adb.org/Documents/Fact_Sheets/MYA.pdf>. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Burma (Myanmar). International Monetary Fund. 6 May 2011 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  3. Human Development Report 2010. United Nations (2010). 5 November 2010 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃

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