ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠢᠶᠡᠭᠷᠠᠮ (ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠠᠷᠤᠵᠤ᠂ ᠲᠣᠮᠣᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠤᠤ)

ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡᠨ ᠳᠦ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠠᠮᠢᠶᠠᠷᠤᠯ ᠢ ᠦᠵᠡᠭᠦᠯᠬᠦ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠤᠯᠠᠳᠠ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠍ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠲᠣᠮᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠳᠣᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠦᠵᠡᠭᠦᠯᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠲᠷᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠭᠷᠠᠹᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠠᠩᠬᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ᠂ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨᠳᠠᠷᠲ ᠥᠩᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠍ ᠢ ᠠᠰᠢᠭᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠦᠨᠡᠮᠯᠡᠬᠦᠢ ᠨᠠᠰᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠰᠠᠴᠤᠷᠠᠭ ᠢᠳᠡᠪᠬᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠢᠽᠣᠲ᠋ᠣᠫᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠤᠳᠤᠯᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦᠩ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠶᠢᠷᠠᠯᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ 4.570 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠡᠭᠦᠰᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠦᠵᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠳᠦ ᠬᠡᠳᠦᠨ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠪᠥᠷᠢᠳᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ᠃ ᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠢ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠤ ᠥᠩᠭᠡᠷᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣᠬᠠᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠤᠳ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠲᠤᠯᠭᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠨ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠥᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠪᠡᠯ ᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠨᠳᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠢᠯᠢ ᠵᠠᠭᠠᠭ ᠢ (ᠴᠠᠭ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ) ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ᠂ ᠡᠰᠡᠪᠡᠯ ᠫᠠᠯᠧᠣᠨᠲ᠋ᠣᠯᠣᠭᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠤᠳ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ (ᠠᠮᠢᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠠᠰ ᠢ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠷᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠰᠦᠢᠷᠡᠯ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡ) ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠷᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠵᠢᠱᠢᠶᠡᠯᠡᠪᠡᠯ᠂ ᠴᠡᠷ ᠲᠦ ᠪᠠ ᠫᠠᠯᠧᠣᠭᠧᠨ ᠦ ᠵᠠᠭᠠᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠲᠣᠮᠣᠬᠠᠨ ᠰᠦᠢᠷᠡᠯ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠡᠭᠦᠪᠡᠷ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠭᠠᠯᠪᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠢᠯᠢ ᠵᠠᠭᠠᠭ ᠢ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠭᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠮᠥᠬᠥᠯ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠳ᠋ᠢᠨᠦᠽᠠᠸᠷ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠨ᠂ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠳᠦᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠶᠡᠬᠡᠬᠡᠨ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠮᠥᠬᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠷᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠭᠠᠯᠪᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠦᠨᠡᠮᠯᠡᠬᠦᠢ ᠨᠠᠰᠤ ᠪᠠ ᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠤᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭᠳᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠴᠠᠩᠭᠤᠢ ᠨᠠᠰᠤ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠷᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠰᠤᠫᠧᠷ ᠢᠶᠣᠨ᠃ ᠰᠤᠫᠧᠷ ᠢᠶᠣᠨ ᠨᠢ ᠡᠤᠨᠣ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠤᠨ ᠨᠢ ᠡᠷᠢᠨᠳ᠂ ᠡᠷᠢᠨ ᠨᠢ ᠭᠠᠯᠪᠠ ᠦᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠶᠠᠭᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠭᠠᠯᠪᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠡᠫᠣᠬᠢᠣᠰ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠫᠤᠬᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠢᠷᠦ᠋ᠰᠲᠦ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠶᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢᠴᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠭᠠᠯᠪᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦ/ᠬᠣᠵᠢᠭᠤ᠂ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠣ ᠳᠤ/ᠲᠦᠷᠦᠭᠦᠦ᠂ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠ ᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠮᠡᠲᠦ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠪᠠ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦ, ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠ, ᠳ᠋ᠣᠣ ᠳᠤ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠢ ᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠤᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠤᠪᠢ ᠳᠤ (《ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦ ᠶᠤᠶᠢᠷᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠯᠡᠰᠦᠨ ᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠤ》 ᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠮᠡᠲᠦ), ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠵᠢᠭᠤ, ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠ, ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠤᠯᠠᠪᠤᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠡᠷᠢᠭᠦᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠢ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠤᠪᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠵᠢᠱᠢᠶᠡᠯᠡᠪᠡᠯ᠂ 《ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠤᠯᠠᠪᠤᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠡᠷᠢᠭᠦᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠶᠤᠶᠢᠷᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠮᠳᠤᠯᠠᠯ》, 《ᠬᠣᠵᠢᠭᠤ ᠶᠤᠶᠢᠷᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠤᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭᠳᠡᠯ》 ᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠮᠡᠲᠦ ᠪᠡᠷ᠃ ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠢ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠪᠦᠷ ᠥᠪᠡᠷ ᠥᠪᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠢ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠲᠷᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠭᠷᠠᠹᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠺᠣᠮᠢᠰ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠮᠥᠷ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠯᠳᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠢᠭᠰᠡᠭᠡᠷ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃


ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠦᠰᠦᠨᠦᠭᠲᠦ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠳᠣᠣᠷᠠᠬᠢ ᠬᠦᠰᠦᠨᠦᠭᠲᠦ ᠨᠢ ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ᠂ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠦᠢᠯᠡ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠪᠠᠭᠲᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠠᠩᠬᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠲᠷᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠭᠷᠠᠹᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠺᠣᠮᠢᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠩᠬᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ᠂ ᠬᠦᠰᠦᠨᠦᠭᠲᠦ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠮᠥᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠥᠷᠭᠡᠨ ᠨᠢ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠬᠠᠮᠢᠶᠠᠷᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

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ᠭᠧᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠲᠤ ᠬᠢ ᠪᠠ ᠭᠤᠷᠪᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠢ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠨᠢ ᠡᠬᠢᠨ ᠦ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ᠂ ᠹᠠᠨᠧᠷᠣᠵᠣᠢ ᠪᠠ ᠺᠠᠶᠢᠨᠣᠵᠣᠢ ᠶᠢ (ᠣᠳᠣ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ) ᠲᠣᠮᠣᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠦᠵᠡᠭᠦᠯᠪᠡ᠃

<timeline> ImageSize = width:800 height:120 PlotArea = left:65 right:15 bottom:20 top:5 AlignBars = justify

Colors =

id:neogene value:rgb(0.99215,0.8,0.54)
id:paleogene value:rgb(1,0.7019,0)
id:cretaceous value:rgb(0.5,0.764,0.1098)
id:jurassic value:rgb(0.302,0.706,0.5) 
id:triassic value:rgb(0.403,0.765,0.716) 
id:permian value:rgb(0.404,0.776,0.867) 
id:carboniferous value:rgb(0.6,0.741,0.855)
id:devonian value:rgb(0.6,0.6,0.788)
id:silurian value:rgb(0.694,0.447,0.714)
id:ordovician value:rgb(0.976,0.506,0.651)
id:cambrian value:rgb(0.984,0.5,0.373)
id:neoproterozoic value:rgb(0.792,0.647,0.583)
id:mesoproterozoic value:rgb(0.867,0.761,0.533)
id:paleoproterozoic value:rgb(0.702,0.698,0.369)
id:eoarchean value:rgb(0.5,0.565,0.565) 
id:paleoarchean value:rgb(0.6,0.592,0.569) 
id:mesoarchean value:rgb(0.698,0.65,0.6) 
id:neoarchean value:rgb(0.796,0.804,0.784) 
id:ediacaran value:rgb(0.918,0.847,0.737) 
id:cryogenian value:rgb(0.863,0.671,0.667)
id:tonian value:rgb(0.796,0.643,0.424) 
id:stratherian value:rgb(1,1,0.8) # light yellow
id:calymmian value:rgb(1,1,0.8) # light yellow
id:orosirian value:rgb(1,1,0.8) # light yellow
id:rhyacian value:rgb(1,1,0.8) # light yellow
id:siderian value:rgb(1,1,0.8) # light yellow
id:ectasian value:rgb(1,1,0.8) # light yellow
id:stenian value:rgb(1,1,0.8) # light yellow
id:cenozoic value:rgb(1,1,0)
id:mesozoic value:rgb(0.5,0.6784,0.3176)
id:paleozoic value:rgb(0.5,0.7098,0.835)
id:phanerozoic value:rgb(0.7019,0.886,0.819)
id:proterozoic value:rgb(0.8,0.85,0.568)
id:archean value:rgb(0.6,0.6784,0.6745)
id:hadean value:rgb(0.4,0.4,0.4)
id:precambrian value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.9)
id:black value:black
id:white value:white

Period = from:-4567.17 till:0 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:500 start:-4500 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:100 start:-4500

Define $markred = text:"*" textcolor:red shift:(0,3) fontsize:10

PlotData=

align:center textcolor:black fontsize:8 mark:(line,black) width:25 shift:(0,-5)
bar:supereon
from: start till: -542 text:ᠺᠧᠮᠪᠷ ᠤᠨᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠬᠢ color:precambrian


bar:eon
at: 0 align:right $markred
at: -542 align:left $markred shift:(2,3)
from: -542 till: 0 text:ᠹᠠᠨᠧᠷᠣᠵᠣᠢ color:phanerozoic 
from:-2500 till: -542 text:ᠫᠷᠣᠲ᠋ᠧᠷᠣᠵᠣᠢ color:proterozoic 
from:-3800 till: -2500 text:ᠠᠷᠬᠧᠢ color:archean 
from: start till: -3800 text:ᠭᠠᠳᠧᠢ color:hadean


bar:era
from: -65.5 till: 0 text:ᠺ~Z shift:(0,1.5) color:cenozoic 
from: -251 till: -65.5 text:ᠮᠧᠽᠣ~ᠵᠣᠢ shift:(0,1.5) color:mesozoic 
from: -542 till: -251 text:ᠫᠠᠯᠧᠣ~ᠵᠣᠢ shift:(0,1.5) color:paleozoic 
from: -1000 till: -542 text:ᠨᠧᠣᠫᠷᠣᠲ᠋ᠧ-~ᠷᠣᠵᠣᠢ shift:(0,1.8) color:neoproterozoic 
from:-1600 till: -1000 text:ᠮᠧᠽᠣᠫᠷᠣᠲ᠋ᠧᠷᠣᠵᠣᠢ color:mesoproterozoic 
from:-2500 till: -1600 text:ᠫᠠᠯᠧᠣᠫᠷᠣᠲ᠋ᠧᠷᠣᠵᠣᠢ color:paleoproterozoic 
from:-2800 till: -2500 text:ᠨᠧᠣ-~ᠠᠷᠬᠧᠢ shift:(0,1.5) color:neoarchean 
from:-3200 till: -2800 text:ᠮᠧᠽᠣ-~ᠠᠷᠬᠧᠢ shift:(0,1.5) color:mesoarchean 
from:-3600 till: -3200 text:ᠫᠠᠯᠧᠣ-~ᠠᠷᠬᠧᠢ shift:(0,1.5) color:paleoarchean 
from:-3800 till: -3600 text:ᠡ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ-~ᠬᠧᠢ shift:(0,0.5) color:eoarchean fontsize:6 
from:start till: -3800 color:white
bar:period
fontsize:6
from: -23.03 till: 0 color:neogene
from: -65.5 till: -23.03 color:paleogene
from: -145.5 till: -65.5 color:cretaceous
from: -199.6 till: -145.5 color:jurassic
from: -251 till: -199.6 color:triassic
from: -299 till: -251 color:permian
from: -359.2 till: -299color:carboniferous
from: -416 till: -359.2 color:devonian
from: -443.7 till: -416 color:silurian
from: -488.3 till: -443.7 color:ordovician
from: -542 till: -488.3 color:cambrian
from: -630 till: -542 text:ᠡᠳ᠋. color:ediacaran
from: -850 till: -630 text:ᠺᠷᠢᠣ-~ᠭᠧᠨ color:cryogenian shift:(0,0.5)
from: -1000 till: -850 text:ᠲᠣᠨᠢ color:tonian 
from: -1200 till: -1000 text:ᠰᠲ᠋ᠧᠨᠢ color:mesoproterozoic 
from: -1400 till: -1200 text:ᠡᠺ-~ᠲᠠᠽ color:mesoproterozoic shift:(0,0.5)
from: -1600 till: -1400 text:ᠺᠠᠯᠢᠮ color:mesoproterozoic 
from: -1800 till: -1600 text:ᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠲ᠋ᠧᠷ color:paleoproterozoic 
from: -2050 till: -1800 text:ᠣᠷᠣ-~ᠽᠢᠷ color:paleoproterozoic shift:(0,0.5)
from: -2300 till: -2050 text:ᠷᠢ ᠠᠴᠠ color:paleoproterozoic 
from: -2500 till: -2300 text:ᠰᠢ-~ᠳᠧᠷ color:paleoproterozoic shift:(0,0.5)
from: start till: -2500 color:white

</timeline>

<timeline> ImageSize = width:800 height:100 PlotArea = left:65 right:15 bottom:20 top:5 AlignBars = justify

Colors =

id:quaternary value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.5)
id:neogene value:rgb(0.99215,0.8,0.54)
id:paleogene value:rgb(1,0.7019,0)
id:cretaceous value:rgb(0.5,0.764,0.1098)
id:jurassic value:rgb(0.302,0.706,0.5) 
id:triassic value:rgb(0.403,0.765,0.716) 
id:permian value:rgb(0.404,0.776,0.867) 
id:carboniferous value:rgb(0.6,0.741,0.855)
id:devonian value:rgb(0.6,0.6,0.788)
id:silurian value:rgb(0.694,0.447,0.714)
id:ordovician value:rgb(0.976,0.506,0.651)
id:cambrian value:rgb(0.984,0.5,0.373)
id:cenozoic value:rgb(1,1,0)
id:mesozoic value:rgb(0.5,0.6784,0.3176)
id:paleozoic value:rgb(0.5,0.7098,0.835)
id:phanerozoic value:rgb(0.7019,0.886,0.819)
id:black value:black
id:white value:white
id:darkgreen value:rgb(0,0.35,0)


Period = from:-542 till:0 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:100 start:-500 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:10 start:-540

Define $markred = text:"*" textcolor:red shift:(0,3) fontsize:10 Define $markgreen = text:"*" textcolor:darkgreen shift:(0,3) fontsize:10

PlotData=

align:center textcolor:black fontsize:8 mark:(line,black) width:25 shift:(0,-5)
bar:eon
at: 0 align:right $markred 
at: -542 align:left $markred shift:(2,3)
from: -542 till: 0 text:ᠹᠠᠨᠧᠷᠣᠵᠣᠢ color:phanerozoic
bar:era
at: 0 align:right $markgreen
at: -65.5 align:left $markgreen shift:(2,3)
from: -65.5 till: 0 text:ᠺᠠᠶᠢᠨᠣᠵᠣᠢ color:cenozoic
from: -251 till: -65.5 text:ᠮᠧᠽᠣᠵᠣᠢ color:mesozoic
from: -542 till: -251 text:ᠫᠠᠯᠧᠣᠵᠣᠢ color:paleozoic
bar:period fontsize:8
from: -2.588 till: 0 color:quaternary
from: -23.03 till: -2.588 text:ᠨᠧᠣ-~ᠭᠧᠨ shift:(0,0.5) color:neogene
from: -65.5 till: -23.03 text:ᠫᠠᠯᠧᠣ-~ᠭᠧᠨ shift:(0,0.5) color:paleogene
from: -145.5 till: -65.5 text:ᠴᠡᠷᠳᠡ color:cretaceous
from: -199.6 till: -145.5 text:ᠶᠤᠶᠢᠷᠠ color:jurassic
from: -251.4 till: -199.6 text:ᠲᠷᠢ ᠠᠴᠠ color:triassic
from: -299 till: -251.4 text:ᠫᠧᠷᠮ color:permian
from: -359.2 till: -299 text:ᠺᠠᠷᠪᠶᠣᠨ color:carboniferous
from: -416 till: -359.2 text:ᠳᠧᠸᠣᠨ color:devonian
from: -443.7 till: -416 text:ᠰᠢ-~ᠯᠤᠷ shift:(0,0.5) color:silurian
from: -488.3 till: -443.7 text:ᠣᠷᠳᠣᠪᠢᠺ color:ordovician
from: -542 till: -488.3 text:ᠺᠧᠮᠪᠷᠢ color:cambrian

</timeline>

<timeline> ImageSize = width:800 height:100 PlotArea = left:65 right:15 bottom:20 top:5 AlignBars = justify

Colors =

id:quaternary value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.5)
id:neogene value:rgb(0.99215,0.8,0.54)
id:paleogene value:rgb(1,0.7019,0)
id:cenozoic value:rgb(1,1,0)
id:holocene value:rgb(1,1,0.702)
id:pleistocene value:rgb(1,0.922,0.384)
id:pliocene value:rgb(1,0.922,0.675)
id:miocene value:rgb(1,0.871,0)
id:oligocene value:rgb(0.918,0.776,0.447)
id:eocene value:rgb(0.918,0.678,0.263)
id:paleocene value:rgb(0.92,0.576,0.005)
id:black value:black
id:white value:white
id:darkgreen value:rgb(0,0.35,0)

Period = from:-65.5 till:0 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:10 start:-60 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:1 start:-65

Define $markgreen = text:"*" textcolor:darkgreen shift:(0,3) fontsize:10

PlotData=

align:center textcolor:black fontsize:8 mark:(line,black) width:25 shift:(0,-5)
bar:era
at: 0 align:right $markgreen 
at: start align:left $markgreen shift:(2,3)
from:start till: 0 text:ᠺᠠᠶᠢᠨᠣᠵᠣᠢ color:cenozoic
bar:period
from: -2.588 till: 0 text:Q. color:quaternary
from: -23.03 till: -2.588 text:ᠨᠧᠣᠭᠧᠨ color:neogene
from:start till: -23.03 text:ᠫᠠᠯᠧᠣᠭᠧᠨ color:paleogene
bar:epoch
from: -0.1 till: 0 color:holocene
from: -1.80 till: -0.1 text:P color:pleistocene
from: -5.332 till: -1.80 text:ᠫᠯᠢᠶᠠ-~ᠼᠧᠨ shift:(0,1) color:pliocene fontsize:7
from:-23.03 till: -5.332 text:ᠮᠢᠣᠼᠧᠨ color:miocene
from:-33.9 till:-23.03 text:ᠣᠯᠢᠭᠣᠼᠧᠨ color:oligocene
from:-55.8 till:-33.9 text:ᠡᠣᠼᠧᠨ color:eocene
from:start till:-55.8 text:ᠫᠠᠯᠧᠣᠼᠧᠨ color:paleocene

</timeline>

ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ


ᠭᠣᠯᠣᠼᠧᠨᠢᠢ (ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠡᠫᠣᠬᠢ) ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠯ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ᠂ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤᠷᠬᠢᠪᠠ᠃

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. Paleontologists often refer to faunal stages rather than geologic (geological) periods. The stage nomenclature is quite complex. See The Paleobiology Database. 2006-03-19 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ for an excellent time ordered list of faunal stages.
  2. Dates are slightly uncertain with differences of a few percent between various sources being common. This is largely due to uncertainties in radiometric dating and the problem that deposits suitable for radiometric dating seldom occur exactly at the places in the geologic column where they would be most useful. The dates and errors quoted above are according to the International Commission on Stratigraphy 2004 time scale. Dates labeled with a * indicate boundaries where a Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point has been internationally agreed upon: see List of Global Boundary Stratotype Sections and Points for a complete list.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Historically, the Cenozoic has been divided up into the Quaternary and Tertiary sub-eras, as well as the Neogene and Paleogene periods. However, the International Commission on Stratigraphy has recently decided to stop endorsing the terms Quaternary and Tertiary as part of the formal nomenclature.
  4. The start time for the Holocene epoch is here given as 11,430 years ago ± 130 years (that is, between 9610 BC-9560 BC and 9350 BC-9300 BC). For further discussion of the dating of this epoch, see Holocene.
  5. 5.0 5.1 In North America, the Carboniferous is subdivided into Mississippian and Pennsylvanian Periods.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 the Precambrian is also known as Cryptozoic.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 The Proterozoic, Archean and Hadean are often collectively referred to as the Precambrian Time or sometimes, also the Cryptozoic.
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 Defined by absolute age (Global Standard Stratigraphic Age).
  9. 9.0 9.1 Though commonly used, the Hadean is not a formal eon and no lower bound for the Eoarchean has been agreed upon. The Hadean has also sometimes been called the Priscoan or the Azoic.

ᠮᠥᠨ ᠦᠵᠡᠬᠦ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠰᠤ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭᠡᠰᠦ