ᠭᠠᠨᠠ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠭᠠᠨᠠ
Republic of Ghana
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠯᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
ᠤᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ: ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ Freedom and Justice
"ᠡᠷᠬᠡ ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡ᠂ ᠰᠢᠳᠤᠷᠭᠤ ᠶᠣᠰᠣ"
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠤᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ:
ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ God Bless Our Homeland Ghana
"ᠪᠢᠳᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠡᠬᠡ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠭᠠᠨ ᠢ ᠪᠤᠷᠬᠠᠨ ᠢᠪᠡᠭᠡᠭ"
ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ 
(ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ)
ᠠᠺᠺᠷᠠ
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠲᠡᠳᠬᠦᠨ
ᠳᠡᠮᠵᠢᠵᠦ ᠪᠤᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
ᠠᠺᠠᠨ᠂ ᠳᠠ ᠪᠠᠷᠧ᠂ ᠳᠠᠭᠪᠠᠨᠢ᠂ ᠳᠠᠩᠭᠮᠧ᠂ ᠭᠠ᠂ ᠭᠣᠩᠵᠠ᠂ ᠺᠠᠰᠧᠮ᠂ ᠡᠸᠧ
ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠲᠦᠮᠡᠨ 
(2000 ᠤᠨ)
45.3% ᠠᠺᠠᠨ
15.2% ᠮᠣᠯᠧ-ᠳᠠᠪᠣᠨ
11.7% ᠡᠸᠧ
7.3% ᠭᠠ-ᠳᠠᠩᠭᠮᠧ
4.0% ᠭᠤᠸ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ
3.6% ᠭᠤᠷᠮᠠ
2.3% ᠭᠤᠷᠤᠨᠰᠤ
10.2% ᠪᠤᠰᠤᠳ
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠤᠯᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
 -  ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠵᠣᠩ ᠠᠲᠲ᠋ᠠ ᠮᠢᠯᠰ
 -  ᠳᠡᠳ᠋ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠵᠣᠩ ᠳ᠋ᠷᠠᠮᠠᠨᠢ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠮ᠎ᠠ[1]
ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠪᠷᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ(ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ)ᠠᠰ ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠪᠷᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ(ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ)ᠠᠰ 
 -  ᠵᠠᠷᠯᠠᠨ ᠲᠤᠩᠬᠠᠭᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ 1957 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 3 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 6 
 -  ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ 1960 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 7 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 1 
 -  ᠣᠳᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠤᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠪᠠᠲᠤᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ 1992 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 4 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 28 
ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠳᠡᠪᠢᠰᠬᠡᠷ
 -  ᠪᠦᠬᠦ ᠲᠠᠯᠠᠪᠠᠢ 238,535 km2 (81)
 -  ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠷᠭᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠰᠤ (%) 3.5
ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ
 -  ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ (2010) 24,233,431[2] 
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠴᠠ ᠰᠡᠶᠢᠷᠡᠭ 101.5 ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ/km2 
GDP (ХАЧТ) 2012 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
 -  ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦᠩ $81.179 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ[3] 
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦ $3,256[3] 
GDP (ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ) 2012 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
 -  ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦᠩ $45.124 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ[3] 
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦ $1,810[3] 
ᠬᠡᠦᠬᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠢᠨᠳᠧᠺᠰ (2010) 0.541[4] (ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠴᠢ) (135)
ᠮᠥᠩᠭᠥᠨ ᠦ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠭᠠᠨᠠ ᠰᠧᠳᠢ (GHS)
ᠴᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ 0
ᠵᠠᠮ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠥᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ
ᠳ᠋ᠦᠮᠠᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ .gh
ᠤᠲᠠᠰᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠮᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ +233

ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠭᠠᠨᠠ (ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ Republic of Ghana) ᠨᠢ ᠥᠷᠥᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠠᠹᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠺᠣᠲ᠋ ᠳ'ᠢᠪᠤ ᠪᠠᠷ (ᠵᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠶᠠᠰᠤᠨ ᠡᠷᠭᠢ), ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠦᠺᠢᠨᠠ ᠹᠠᠰᠣ᠂ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠲᠣᠢ ᠬᠢᠯᠢᠯᠡᠵᠦ᠂ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠭᠸᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠤᠯᠤᠨᠭᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠬᠦᠷᠢᠶᠡᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ᠃ "Ghana" ᠪᠤᠶᠤ "ᠭᠠᠨᠠ" ᠬᠡᠮᠡᠬᠦ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠨᠢ "ᠳᠠᠶᠢᠴᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ"[5] ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠦᠭᠡ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠠᠹᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠡᠷᠭᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ "Guinea" (ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ Guinoye ᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠦᠭᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠳᠠᠮᠵᠢᠨ) ᠪᠤᠶᠤ "ᠭᠸᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ" ᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠭᠠᠷᠴᠠᠢ (ᠭᠸᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ).

ᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠺᠣᠯᠣᠨᠢᠴᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠡᠮᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠡᠷᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨᠲᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠨᠢᠵᠤᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠠ-ᠳᠠᠮᠧᠰ᠂ ᠠᠱᠠᠩᠲᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠡᠵᠡᠨᠲᠦ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ᠂ ᠹᠠᠨᠲ᠋ᠧ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ XV ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠫᠣᠷᠲᠤᠭᠤᠯᠴᠢ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠬᠤᠳᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠭᠦᠯᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ 1874 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠷᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠨᠢᠴᠤᠤᠳ ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨ ᠡᠷᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠺᠣᠯᠣᠨᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠵᠠᠢ᠃[6]

1957 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠸᠠᠩᠲᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠲᠤᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠨᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠬᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠬᠢ ᠠᠩᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠨ᠂[7] ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠠᠹᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠶᠡᠬᠡᠬᠡᠨ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠢ ᠡᠵᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠡᠷᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠭᠠᠨᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠡᠵᠡᠨᠲᠦ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠠᠪᠴᠠᠢ᠃ ᠲᠸᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠨᠢ Gaana ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠳᠡᠭ᠃

ᠠᠰᠢᠭᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠮᠠᠲ᠋ᠧᠷᠢᠶᠠᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. Bartlett, Duncan. "Korea uses G20 to nurture African links", BBC News, 10 November 2010. 20 March 2011 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 
  2. (2010) "2010 Provisional Census Results Out". Retrieved on 7 February 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Ghana. International Monetary Fund. 2011-September-14 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  4. Human Development Report 2010. United Nations (2010). 4 November 2010 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  5. Jackson, John G. Introduction to African Civilizations, 2001. Page 201.
  6. MacLean, Iain. Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair, 2001. Page 76.
  7. Peter N. Stearns and William Leonard Langer. The Encyclopedia of World History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged, 2001. Page 1050.

ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠰᠤ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

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