ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ
Crimea Laspi Sunset.jpg
ᠺᠷ ᠤᠮ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠭ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠡᠷᠭᠢ
Black Sea map.png
ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷᠡᠬᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ
ᠰᠣᠯᠪᠢᠴᠠᠯ 44°00′00″N 35°00′00″E / 44°N 35°E / 44; 35ᠰᠣᠯᠪᠢᠴᠠᠯ: 44°00′00″N 35°00′00″E / 44°N 35°E / 44; 35
ᠴᠢᠳᠬᠤᠳᠠᠭ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠮᠥᠷᠡᠨ ᠳᠤᠨᠠᠢᠳᠨᠧᠫᠷ
ᠠᠢ ᠰᠠᠪᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ Flag of Bulgaria.svg ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ, ᠭᠦᠷᠦᠵᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠭᠦᠷᠦᠵᠢᠶ ᠠ,
ᠣᠷᠣᠰ ᠣᠷᠣᠰ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰFlag of Romania.svg ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ,
Flag of Turkey.svg ᠲᠦᠷᠺ, Flag of Ukraine.svg ᠦᠺᠷᠠᠶᠢᠨ
ᠤᠷᠲᠤ 1,148 ᠺᠢᠯᠣᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷ
ᠥᠷᠭᠡᠨ᠂ ᠡᠩ 615 ᠺᠢᠯᠣᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷ
ᠮᠠᠨᠳᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠯᠠᠪᠠᠢ 436,402 ᠺᠦᠸᠠᠳ᠋ ᠺᠢᠯᠣᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷ
ᠡᠵᠡᠯᠡᠬᠦᠨ 547,000 ᠺᠮ³
ᠭᠦᠨᠵᠡᠭᠡᠢ 2,211 ᠮᠸᠲ᠋ᠷ
ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠠᠷᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠷᠪᠠᠭᠠᠳ
ᠡᠭᠴᠡ ᠳᠣᠭᠣᠭᠰᠢ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠨ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠭᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ

ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠᠳ᠋ᠤ᠂ ᠠᠨᠠᠲ᠋ᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠭ (ᠲᠦᠷᠺ) ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ᠂ ᠡᠬᠡ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠤᠭ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠨᠢ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰᠡᠭᠧᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠶᠢᠡᠷ ᠠᠲ᠋ᠯᠠᠨᠲ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠯᠠᠢᠲᠠᠢ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠪᠣᠰᠹᠣᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠯᠠᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠢ ᠮᠠᠷᠣᠮᠣᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠲᠡᠢ᠂ ᠤᠯᠠᠮ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠳᠠᠷᠳᠠᠨᠧᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠯᠠᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠡᠭᠧᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠭᠧᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠨᠢ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭᠳᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠦᠳ (ᠤᠰᠤᠨ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ) ᠨᠢ ᠠᠽᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠲᠢᠪ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠢᠯᠢ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠺᠧᠷᠴᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠯᠠᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠠᠽᠣᠸ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠲᠠᠯᠠᠪᠠᠢ ᠨᠢ 436400 ᠺᠤᠸᠠᠲ ᠺᠢᠯᠣᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷ ᠂ [1]᠂ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠭᠦᠨ ᠨᠢ 2200 ᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷ [2] ᠬᠦᠷᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ᠃ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠠᠳᠠᠯᠢ ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠤᠷᠤᠭᠤ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠳᠤ 200 ᠺᠮ³ ᠠᠲ᠋ᠯᠠᠨᠲ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠯᠠᠢᠨᠢ ᠤᠰᠤ ᠤᠷᠤᠰᠴᠤ ᠢᠷᠡᠬᠦ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠠᠭᠤᠷᠰᠢᠯᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠠᠮ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠤᠰᠤ ᠨᠢ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠴᠠᠩᠭᠤᠢ ᠥᠨᠳᠥᠷ ᠳᠠᠪᠤᠰᠤᠵᠢᠯᠲᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠳᠠᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠬᠡ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠳᠤ 320 ᠺᠮ³ᠴᠡᠩᠭᠡᠭ ᠤᠰᠤ ᠴᠢᠳᠭᠤᠬᠤ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠤᠭ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠲᠦ ᠴᠢᠳᠬᠤᠳᠠᠭ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠮᠥᠷᠡᠨ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠳᠤᠨᠠᠢ ᠮᠥᠷᠡᠨ ᠶᠤᠮ[3]

ᠲᠦᠷᠺᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠᠦᠺᠷᠠᠶᠢᠨᠣᠷᠣᠰᠭᠦᠷᠦᠵᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠢᠯᠢᠯᠡᠨ᠎ᠡ[4]ᠺᠷ ᠤᠮ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠭ ᠨᠢ ᠦᠺᠷᠠᠶᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠠᠦ᠋ᠲ᠋ᠣᠨᠣᠮᠢᠲᠤ ᠡᠷᠬᠡ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃

ᠮᠥᠨ ᠦᠵᠡᠬᠦ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. 436,400 km² Black Sea Geography. University of Delaware College of Marine Studies (2003). 2006 ᠣᠨ ᠤ December 2 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  2. Unexpected changes in the oxic/anoxic interface in the Black Sea. Nature Publishing Group (30 March 1989). 2006 ᠣᠨ ᠤ December 2 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  3. The Danube Spills into the Black Sea NASA Visible Earth. Retrieved 2 December 2006.
  4. Sosio-economic indicators for the countries of the Black Sea basin. (2001). In UNEP/GRID-Arendal Maps and Graphics Library. Retrieved 2 December 2006 from http://maps.grida.no/go/graphic/sosio_economic_indicators_for_the_countries_of_the_black_sea_basin_giwa.
  • Charles King, The Black Sea: A History, 2004, ISBN 0-19-924161-9
  • William Ryan and Walter Pitman, Noah's Flood, 1999, ISBN 0-684-85920-3
  • Neal Ascherson, Black Sea (Vintage 1996), ISBN 0-09-959371-8
  • Özhan Öztürk. Karadeniz: Ansiklopedik Sözlük (Black Sea: Encyclopedic Dictionary). 2 Cilt (2 Volumes). Heyamola Publishing. Istanbul.2005 ISBN 975-6121-00-9.
  • Rüdiger Schmitt, 《Considerations on the Name of the Black Sea》, in: Hellas und der griechische Osten (Saarbrücken 1996), pp. 219–224
  • West, Stephanie. 《‘The Most Marvellous of All Seas’: the Greek Encounter with the Euxine》, Greece & Rome, Vol. 50, Issue 2 (2003), pp. 151–167.

ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠰᠤ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

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