ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠩᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠷ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ (ᠲᠥᠪ)

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ
Tov.gif ᠲᠥᠪ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ
ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠩᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠷ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ
ᠤᠯᠠᠪᠢᠷ ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨᠠᠮ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠤ᠂ ᠶᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠩᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠷ
ᠰᠤᠮᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ 2,200 ᠺᠦᠸᠠᠳ᠋ ᠺᠢᠯᠣᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷ (__/27) ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠲᠤ
2011 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ 1,321 ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ (26/27) ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠪᠠ᠃[1]
ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠪᠠᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯᠢᠭ᠂ ᠭᠠᠯᠠᠭᠤ ᠳᠤ
2011 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠥᠰᠥᠪ ᠲᠦ 80 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ₮ (21/27) ᠣᠷᠣᠭᠤᠯᠵᠤ᠂
ᠮᠥᠨ ᠣᠨᠳᠣᠣ 570 ᠰᠠᠶ᠋ᠢ ₮ (24/27) ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠵᠠᠢ᠃ᠣᠷᠤᠭᠤᠯᠵᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠄ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ <ref> ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭ ︔ ᠠᠭᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠭᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠣᠷᠤᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠡᠷᠬᠡᠪᠰᠢ name ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷ ᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠠᠭᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠲᠡᠢ ︕
2011 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 116,585 ᠲᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠢ ᠮᠠᠯ (10/27) ᠨᠢ
ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦ ᠨᠣᠭᠳᠠᠪᠠᠯ 88.3 (__/27) ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ᠣᠷᠤᠭᠤᠯᠵᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠄ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ <ref> ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭ ︔ ᠠᠭᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠭᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠣᠷᠤᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠡᠷᠬᠡᠪᠰᠢ name ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷ ᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠠᠭᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠲᠡᠢ ︕
ᠡᠷᠦᠬᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ 67.4% (338/501) ᠨᠢ ᠮᠠᠯ ᠲᠠᠢ᠃ᠣᠷᠤᠭᠤᠯᠵᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠄ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ <ref> ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭ ︔ ᠠᠭᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠭᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠣᠷᠤᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠡᠷᠬᠡᠪᠰᠢ name ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷ ᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠠᠭᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠲᠡᠢ ︕
____ ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠡᠭᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ
ᠡᠷᠭᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠵᠢᠷᠭᠠᠯᠠᠩᠠᠷᠬᠦ᠋ᠰ ᠲᠦᠮᠥᠩᠭᠥᠨᠥᠮᠣᠷᠢ ᠳᠤ᠂ ᠬᠡᠨᠲᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠡᠩᠬᠡᠷᠮᠠᠨᠳᠠᠯ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠲᠠᠪᠤᠨ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ᠂ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠳᠡᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠬᠦᠷᠢᠶᠡᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠨ᠎ᠡ᠃

ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠩᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠷ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ 2005 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ 429 ᠡᠷᠦᠬᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ 1226 ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠭᠴᠢ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠪᠠ[2]

ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠭᠴᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠥᠭᠡᠷᠡᠴᠢᠯᠡᠯᠲᠡ (ᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠡᠴᠦᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠳᠦᠩᠭᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ)[3]
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1,635 1,465 1,278 1,173 1,122 1,165 1,169 1,243 1,292 1,321

ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

1923 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠲᠦᠰᠢᠶᠡᠲᠦ ᠬᠠᠨ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠷᠬᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠱᠣᠢ ᠴᠢᠨ ᠸᠠᠩ ᠫᠦᠨᠴᠢᠬᠰᠡᠷᠡᠩ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠭᠦᠨ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ[4]᠃ 1924 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠩᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠷ ᠤᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠤ᠂ 1931 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠣᠳᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠵᠡᠢ᠃ 1956 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ ᠶᠢ ᠲᠠᠲᠠᠨ ᠪᠠᠭᠤᠯᠭᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠡᠷᠳᠡᠨᠢ ᠰᠤᠮᠤᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠬᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠴᠤ ᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ 1959 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠳᠠᠬᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠵᠠᠢ[5]

ᠮᠠᠯ ᠠᠵᠤ ᠠᠬᠤᠢ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

2004 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ 64,000 ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠮ ᠲᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠢ ᠮᠠᠯ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠤ 19,000 ᠨᠢ ᠢᠮᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ᠂ 35,000 ᠨᠢ ᠬᠣᠨᠢ᠂ 3,500 ᠨᠢ ᠦᠬᠡᠷ᠂ 6900 ᠨᠢ ᠠᠳᠤᠭᠤ᠂ 71 ᠨᠢ ᠲᠡᠮᠡᠭᠡ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠪᠠ[6]

ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠰ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠵᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠯᠴᠢ ᠳᠠᠰᠢᠳᠣᠷᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠠᠴᠤᠭᠳᠣᠷᠵᠢ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠢᠯᠡ[7]. ᠲᠥᠪ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠩᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠷ 1 ᠪᠠᠭ

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. ᠲᠥᠪ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠰᠲ᠋ᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠲᠡᠰ᠃ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠳ᠋ ᠍ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ᠂ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠭᠡᠮ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠲᠠᠨᠢᠯᠴᠠᠭᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ
  2. ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠳᠭᠡᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠ
  3. ᠲᠥᠪ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠰᠲ᠋ᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠲᠡᠰ᠃ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠠᠨᠢᠯᠴᠠᠭᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ
  4. ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠩᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠷ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ
  5. ᠲᠥᠪ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠸᠪ ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠲᠤ
  6. ᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠰᠲ᠋ᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ: 2004 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠮᠠᠯ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ, ᠬ᠃109
  7. ᠣᠷᠤᠭᠤᠯᠵᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠄ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ <ref> ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭ ᠄ name ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠤᠯᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠋ᠳ᠋ᠥ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠬᠠᠨᠭᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ

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