ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ
Oʻzbeklar, Ўᠽᠪᠧᠺᠯᠠᠷ
Shaybani.jpg
Alisher Usmanov podium 2013 Fencing WCH SMS-IN t204812.jpg
Hamza Niyazi.jpg
RKasimdzhanov12.jpg
Sharipov.jpg
ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡᠭᠠᠭᠴᠠ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ — ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ (ᠦᠽᠪᠸᠺ ᠶᠢᠡᠷ oʻzbek)
ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ — ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠦᠳ
ᠪᠤᠰᠤᠳ ᠬᠡᠯᠪᠡᠷᠢ — ᠦᠽᠪᠧᠺ᠂ ᠥᠽᠪᠧᠺ᠂ ᠥᠽᠪᠧᠭ
ᠥᠨᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯ
ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠣᠷᠣᠨᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠳᠠᠶᠠᠭᠠᠷ — 30 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ (ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ). ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ:
ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ (БНУзбУ)23,929,309 (2013)[1]

ᠠᠹᠬᠠᠨᠨᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠠᠹᠬᠠᠨᠨ (ᠯᠠᠯᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠠᠹᠬᠠᠨᠨᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ) — 2,799,726 (2013)[2]
Flag of Tajikistan.svg ᠲᠠᠵᠢᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ (БНТажУ) — 1,210,236 (2013)[3]
ᠬᠢᠷᠭᠢᠰ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠬᠢᠷᠭᠢᠰ (БНХирУ) — 980,000 (2010)[4]

ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭ (БНХасУ) — 490,000 (2010)[5]
ᠣᠷᠣᠰ ᠣᠷᠣᠰ (ᠣᠷᠣᠰ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ) — 299,862 (2002) [6]
ᠲᠦᠺᠮᠧᠨᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠲᠦᠺᠮᠧᠨ (БНТуркмУ) — 260,000 (ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠ᠃) [7]
ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯᠬᠢ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ᠂ ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
ᠰᠢᠲᠦᠯᠭᠡᠣᠯᠠᠩᠬᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠢᠰᠯᠠᠮ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠤᠩᠨᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠳᠢᠭ ᠲᠡᠢ
ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ
ᠣᠶᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯᠡᠷᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠬᠠᠷᠯᠤᠭ ᠪᠠ ᠣᠳᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠶᠢᠭᠤᠷ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ
ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭ᠎ᠠᠲᠦᠷᠦᠭ ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠲᠠᠨ (ᠲᠦᠷᠦᠭ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠲᠡᠨ)

ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ (ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠦᠳ) — ᠲᠦᠪ ᠠᠽᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠍ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠡᠷᠭᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠠᠹᠬᠠᠨᠨᠲᠠᠵᠢᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨᠬᠢᠷᠭᠢᠰᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭᠲᠦᠺᠮᠧᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠲᠤ ᠬᠡᠳᠦᠨ ᠪᠤᠮ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠦᠷᠦᠭ ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠲᠠᠨ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠲᠦᠷᠦᠭ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠲᠦᠮᠡᠨ᠂ 30 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ. ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠦᠳ XV ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠪᠠᠲᠤ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠷᠠᠵᠤ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠷᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃

ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

«ᠦᠽᠪᠧᠺ (ᠥᠽᠪᠧᠺ᠂ ᠦᠽᠪᠧᠺ᠂ ᠥᠽᠪᠧᠭ)» ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠭᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠲᠤ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠲᠠᠶᠢᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ᠃ ᠵᠦᠴᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠍ ᠤᠨ 1313–1341 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠡᠭᠦᠰᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠦ᠂[8] ᠥᠽ (ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ) - ᠪᠧᠺ (ᠡᠵᠡᠨ) ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠲᠦᠷᠦᠭ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠮᠵᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠤᠤ ᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠲᠠᠭᠠᠮᠠᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦ ᠭᠠᠷᠪᠠᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠭᠡ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠦᠳ ᠺᠠᠸᠬᠠᠰ ᠲᠥᠷᠬᠥᠲᠡᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠲᠥᠷᠬᠦᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠵᠠᠪᠰᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ᠂ ᠬᠣᠯᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠲᠥᠷᠬᠥ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ᠂ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠲᠦᠪ ᠠᠽᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ᠂ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠺᠠᠸᠬᠠᠰ ᠲᠥᠷᠬᠥ ᠳᠠᠪᠠᠮᠠᠭᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠶᠠᠮᠠᠷ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠴᠤ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠦᠳ ᠤᠶᠢᠭᠤᠷᠳᠤᠩᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠣᠶᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠢ ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠭᠸᠨ ᠦ ᠰᠤᠳᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃[9]

ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠦᠳ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠲᠡᠢ᠃ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠢ ᠢᠵᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠦᠷᠦᠭ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠯᠤᠭ ᠪᠦᠯᠦᠭ ᠲᠦ ᠮᠥᠬᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠳᠠᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ (ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠡᠪᠦᠭᠡ), ᠣᠳᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠶᠢᠭᠤᠷ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨᠢᠭᠢ ᠬᠠᠮᠲᠤ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠭᠳᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠤᠮᠠᠷᠠᠳᠤ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ᠂ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ᠂ ᠲᠦᠺᠮᠧᠨ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠣᠶᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠣᠷᠧᠽᠮ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ᠂ ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠣᠶᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠺ ᠤᠫᠴᠠᠺ ᠠᠮᠠᠨ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠡᠨ ᠶᠠᠩᠵᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ᠃ VII—ᠲᠠᠪᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠠᠮᠢᠶᠠᠷᠤᠭᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠲᠦᠷᠦᠭ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠳᠤᠷᠠᠰᠬᠠᠯ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠬᠠᠷᠯᠤᠭᠡᠶᠢᠭ ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠷᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ ᠲᠡᠷᠡ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠷᠦᠨ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠪᠠ᠃ Iᠲᠠᠪᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠲᠦᠪ ᠠᠽᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠢᠷᠡᠨ᠂ ᠲᠦᠷᠦᠭ ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠲᠠᠨ ᠳᠠᠶᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠢᠰᠯᠠᠮ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡᠴᠡᠭᠡ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠳᠡᠭ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃

ᠵᠥᠪᠯᠡᠯᠲᠦ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠲᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰᠠᠳᠠ 1923 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ᠂ ᠠᠪᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠦᠢᠲᠡᠢ ᠤᠶᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠠ 1928-1940 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ᠂ 1940 ᠣᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠺᠢᠷᠢᠯ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠲᠤᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠨᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ 1992 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠭᠰᠢᠳᠠ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ ᠰᠢᠢᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠭᠠᠷᠴᠤ᠂ 2005 ᠣᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠ ᠰᠤᠷᠭᠠᠭᠤᠯᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠵᠤ ᠡᠬᠢᠯᠡᠪᠡ᠃

ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠨ ᠲᠠᠵᠢᠺ᠂ ᠬᠢᠷᠭᠢᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠦᠳ ᠺᠢᠷᠢᠯ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ᠂ ᠠᠹᠬᠠᠨᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠽᠡᠪᠸᠺᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨ ᠦᠳ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠡᠨ ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃

ᠡᠰᠢ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠮᠲᠠ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. Population: 28,661,637 (July 2013 est.) [Uzbeks = 80%]. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The World Factbook. 10 June 2013 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  2. Afghan Population: 31,108,077 (July 2013 est.) [Uzbeks = 9%]. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The World Factbook. 10 June 2013 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  3. Population: 7,910,041 (July 2013 est.) [Uzbeks = 15.3%]. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The World Factbook. 10 June 2013 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  4. CIA World Factbook – Kyrgyzstan
  5. Ethnic groups in Kazakhstan, official estimation 2010-01-01 based on National Census 2009
  6. (ᠣᠷᠣᠰ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ) Russia Census 2002
  7. CIA World Factbook – Turkmenistan
  8. Findley, Carter Vaughn (2005). The Turks in World History. Oxford University Press. p. 104.
  9. Tatjana Zerjal et al. (2002). "A Genetic Landscape Reshaped by Recent Events: Y-Chromosomal Insights into Central Asia". The American Journal of Human Genetics 71 (3): 466–482. DOI:10.1086/342096.

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