ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠯ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
БАСФ-ᠯᠤᠳ᠋ᠪᠡᠭᠰᠬᠠᠹᠧᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠰᠠᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ

ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠢᠽᠢᠨ᠋ᠧᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠰᠠᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠲᠠ ᠪᠦᠬᠦᠢ ᠲᠣᠨᠣᠭ ᠲᠥᠬᠥᠭᠡᠷᠦᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠪᠣᠳᠠᠲᠤ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠪᠤᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠨ ᠠᠮᠢᠳᠤᠷᠠᠯ ᠳᠤ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠡᠭᠦᠯᠬᠦ᠃ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠷᠬᠤ ᠬᠦᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠡᠰᠡᠪᠡᠯ ᠲᠣᠨᠣᠭ ᠲᠥᠬᠥᠭᠡᠷᠦᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠬᠠᠮᠢᠶᠠᠷᠤᠨ ᠶᠠᠩᠵᠤ ᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠳᠦ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠧxᠨᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ᠂ ᠡᠷᠴᠢᠮ ᠬᠦᠴᠦ᠂ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠭᠦᠯᠦᠯᠲᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ᠂ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ᠂ ᠮᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠴᠠᠬᠢᠯᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠰᠠᠯᠪᠠᠷ ᠤᠳ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠡᠭᠦᠯᠬᠦ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠤᠯᠠᠳᠠ ᠰᠢᠰᠲ᠋ᠧᠮ ᠢ ᠪᠦᠬᠦᠯᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠪᠴᠤ ᠦᠵᠡᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠡᠳ᠋ ᠠᠩᠭᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠠᠯᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠡᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡ ᠭᠦᠢᠴᠡᠳᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠠᠩᠬᠠᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠲᠥᠯᠥᠪᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃ ᠡᠳ᠋ ᠠᠩᠭᠢ ᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠦᠢᠴᠡᠳᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠡᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠴᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠪᠤᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠴᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠷᠬᠠᠢ ᠨᠥᠬᠥᠴᠡᠯ ᠦᠳ ᠢ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠲᠠᠢ᠃ ᠡᠬᠢᠯᠡᠭᠡᠳ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠴᠠ ᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠰᠤᠳᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠬᠤᠮ ᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠷᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠭᠠᠳ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠢ ᠪᠡᠨ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠲᠠᠢ ᠠᠵᠢᠯᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠭᠣᠷᠢᠮ ᠢ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠲᠡᠢ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠲᠥᠰᠥᠯ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠭᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠴᠠ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠨᠳᠣ ᠨᠢ ᠬᠤᠯᠪᠤᠬᠤ᠂ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠢᠬᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠱᠠᠭᠠᠷᠳᠠᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠵᠢᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠲᠠ ᠬᠢᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠴᠠ ᠪᠤᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠴᠠ ᠢ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠭᠦᠯᠬᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠭ ᠬᠠᠶᠠᠭᠳᠠᠯ ᠵᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠭᠤᠯx (("Utilities") ᠲᠥᠬᠥᠭᠡᠷᠦᠮᠵᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠢᠰᠲ᠋ᠧᠮ ᠢ ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠢᠨᠠᠯᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠢᠰᠲ᠋ᠧᠮ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠨᠣᠭ ᠲᠥᠬᠥᠭᠡᠷᠦᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠮᠠᠨᠢ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠬᠤ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠠᠩᠬᠠᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠵᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠰᠢ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠲᠥᠯᠥᠪᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠲᠠᠢ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠦᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠮᠥᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠭᠠᠷᠴᠤ ᠪᠤᠢ ᠬᠣᠭ ᠬᠠᠶᠠᠭᠳᠠᠯ ᠢ ᠵᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠭᠤᠯx ᠪᠣᠳᠣᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠴᠠ ᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠶᠠᠭᠠᠬᠢᠵᠤ ᠬᠣᠭ ᠬᠠᠶᠠᠭᠳᠠᠯ ᠢ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠰᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠪᠣᠳᠣᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠬᠣᠣᠷᠲᠤ ᠬᠡᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠣᠷᠲᠤ ᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠴᠡᠪᠡᠷᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠲᠥᠬᠥᠭᠡᠷᠦᠮᠵᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠠᠵᠢᠯ ᠤᠨᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠶᠤᠯ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠭᠤᠯᠵᠤ ᠥᠭᠬᠦ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠢᠬᠤᠯᠠ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠳᠦᠬᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃

ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠬᠤ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠣᠨᠣᠭ ᠲᠥᠬᠥᠭᠡᠷᠦᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠴᠠ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭᠠᠬᠢ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡᠯᠢᠭ ᠠᠯᠬᠤᠮ ᠤᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠶᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ:

  1. ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠴᠠ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠯ ᠢ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠳᠦᠬᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ ᠲᠣᠨᠣᠭ ᠲᠥᠬᠥᠭᠡᠷᠦᠮᠵᠢ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠲᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠰᠢᠨᠡᠴᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠢ ᠯᠠᠪᠤᠷᠠᠲ᠋ᠣᠷ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠷᠰᠢᠯᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠵᠤ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠮᠵᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠬᠦ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠵᠤ ᠦᠵᠡᠬᠦ
  2. ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ᠂ ᠡᠳ᠋ ᠍ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠥᠬᠥᠴᠡᠯ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯ ᠢ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠬᠤ ᠮᠥᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠠᠰᠢᠭᠯᠠᠭᠴᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠱᠠᠭᠠᠷᠳᠠᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠬᠤ
  3. ᠥᠪᠡᠷ ᠥᠪᠡᠷ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠡᠳ᠋ ᠍ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠴᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠰᠤᠳᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠦᠬᠦᠢ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ ᠡᠳ᠋ ᠍ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠯᠡᠯ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡᠬᠦ ᠰᠤᠳᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠥᠪᠰᠢᠶᠡᠷᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠡᠰᠡᠪᠡᠯ ᠡᠰᠡ ᠵᠥᠪᠰᠢᠶᠡᠷᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠰᠢᠢᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠥᠷ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠪᠡᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠭᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠰᠢᠢᠳᠳᠡᠭ᠃
  4. ᠺᠣᠨᠼᠧᠫᠲ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ (ᠤᠷᠢᠳᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠲᠥᠯᠦᠪᠯᠡᠭᠡ), ᠡᠨᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠶᠠᠩᠵᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠥᠰᠦᠯ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠠᠯᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠰᠣᠩᠭᠣᠵᠤ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠢ ᠬᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠡᠴᠦᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠰᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠲᠠ ᠪᠠ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠴᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠦᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠬᠡᠷ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠣᠶᠢᠷᠠᠯᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠦᠨᠡᠯᠡᠭᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠭᠠᠷᠭᠠᠬᠤ᠃ ᠮᠥᠨ ᠲᠥᠰᠦᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠥᠷᠦᠩᠭᠡ ᠣᠷᠣᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠲᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠱᠠᠭᠠᠷᠳᠠᠭᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠠᠩᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠥᠷᠲᠡᠭ᠂ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠨ ᠣᠶᠢᠷᠠᠯᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠭᠠᠷᠭᠠᠬᠤ
  5. ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠡᠳ᠋ ᠍ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠰᠢᠭᠲᠠᠢ ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ ᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠰᠤᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠬᠤ ᠮᠥᠨ ᠢᠷᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠭᠠᠷᠬᠤ ᠪᠦᠬᠦ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠨᠠᠷᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠭ᠎ᠠx. (ᠠᠩᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠲᠥᠰᠦᠯ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ Basic Engineering)
  6. ᠱᠠᠭᠠᠷᠳᠠᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠦᠬᠦ ᠵᠥᠪᠰᠢᠶᠡᠷᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠥᠯᠥᠪᠯᠡᠯᠲᠡ ᠬᠢᠬᠦ᠂ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠵᠥᠪᠰᠢᠶᠡᠷᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠡᠷᠬᠡ ᠪᠦᠬᠦᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠭᠠᠷᠭᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠠᠪᠬᠤ
  7. ᠲᠥᠰᠥᠯ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠵᠢᠭᠦᠯᠬᠦ ᠳᠦ ᠱᠠᠭᠠᠷᠳᠠᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠠᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠡᠮᠵᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠪᠦᠬᠦ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠳᠦᠬᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠦᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠷᠡᠩᠭᠦᠢ ᠲᠠᠶᠢᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ᠂ ᠨᠠᠷᠢᠪᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠲᠥᠰᠥᠯ ᠢ ᠪᠡᠯᠡᠳᠬᠦ (ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠵᠢᠭᠦᠯᠬᠦ ᠲᠥᠯᠥᠪᠯᠡᠭᠡ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ Detail Engineering)
  8. ᠲᠥᠰᠥᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠠᠷᠢᠪᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠳᠦᠬᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠠᠵᠢᠯᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠬᠥᠳᠡᠯᠮᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠥᠯᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠬᠢ ᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠨᠠᠯ ᠲᠠᠯᠪᠢᠬᠤ
  9. ᠢᠷᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠨᠠᠯ ᠢ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠨᠳᠣ ᠨᠢ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠴᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠠᠳ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠥᠭᠬᠦ
  10. ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢaa ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠬᠤ ᠠᠵᠢᠯ ᠢ ᠡᠬᠢᠯᠡᠭᠦᠯᠬᠦ
  11. ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠠᠰᠢᠭᠯᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠠᠪᠬᠤ
  12. ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠯᠴᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠬᠥᠳᠡᠯᠮᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠠᠤ ᠨᠤᠲᠠᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠮᠲᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠴᠤᠭᠯᠠᠭᠤᠯᠬᠤ (ᠮᠠᠲ᠋ᠧᠷᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠷᠲᠡᠭ᠂ ᠡᠨᠧᠷᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠥᠷᠲᠡᠭ᠂ ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠲᠤᠯᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠪᠠᠲᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠮᠡᠲᠦ)
  13. ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠠᠰᠢᠭᠯᠠᠭᠴᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠦᠯᠢᠶᠡᠯᠭᠡᠨ ᠥᠭᠬᠦ

ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠡᠨᠡ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠮᠠᠰᠢ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠴᠣᠭᠴᠠᠯᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠤᠴᠢᠷ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠠᠩ ᠭᠠᠭᠴᠠ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠥᠷᠦᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠵᠦ ᠢᠷᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ᠃ ᠲᠡᠶᠢᠮᠦ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠲᠥᠷᠦᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ ᠢ ᠭᠠᠷᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ ᠪᠠ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠵᠢᠱᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠨᠢ FIDIC (Federation Internationale des Ingenieurs-Conseils). Silver Book ᠬᠡᠮᠡᠬᠦ ᠲᠥᠰᠦᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠨᠣᠮ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠥᠪᠬᠡᠨ EPC-Tᠦᠯᠬᠢᠭᠦᠷ ᠭᠠᠷᠳᠠᠭᠤᠯᠬᠤ-ᠰᠢᠢᠳᠦᠯ (ᠠᠨ ᠢ᠃: ᠲurnkey-Projekt) ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ ᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ ᠤᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠡᠷᠦᠰᠳᠡᠯ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠯᠳᠤᠯ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠬᠢᠨ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠶᠠᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠭᠤᠴᠠᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠬᠢᠵᠠᠭᠠᠷᠯᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠨᠠᠷᠢᠪᠴᠢᠯᠠᠨ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠳᠦᠷᠢᠮ ᠦᠳ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠬᠡᠷᠪᠡ ᠶᠠᠮᠠᠷ ᠲᠥᠰᠦᠯ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠮᠠᠷᠭᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠪᠠᠯ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠤᠳᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠠᠩᠬᠢᠮ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠮ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠠᠤ ᠫᠠᠷᠢᠰ ᠬᠣᠲᠠᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠭᠦᠬᠦ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠲᠠᠰᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠰᠢᠢᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠮᠥᠨ ᠲᠤᠰᠬᠠᠵᠤ ᠥᠭᠭᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ᠃

ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ ᠠᠰᠢᠭᠯᠠᠭᠴᠢᠳ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠧᠭᠨᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠵᠤ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠶᠡᠬᠡᠬᠡᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠬᠤᠪᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠡᠵᠡᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠳᠦ ᠢᠯᠠᠩᠭᠤᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭᠠᠬᠢ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠯᠪᠠᠷ ᠤᠳ ᠪᠠᠭᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ:

  • ᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠣᠨ ᠲᠣᠰᠣ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠠᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ
  • ᠬᠢᠮᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠡᠮ ᠦᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ
  • ᠪᠣᠷᠳᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠦᠨᠡᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠭᠡᠭᠳᠡᠬᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ
  • ᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠠᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠰᠤᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠬᠤ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ

ᠨᠣᠮ ᠰᠤᠷᠬᠤ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  • Sattler, Klaus; Kasper, Werner: Verfahrenstechnische Anlagen - Planung, Bau und Betrieb, WILEY-VCH Verlag Weinheim, 2000. ISBN 3-527-28459-1
  • Hirschberg, Hans Günther: Handbuch Verfahrenstechnik und Anlagenbau - Chemie, Technik, Wirtschaftlichkeit, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999, ISBN 3-540-60623-8

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