ᠥᠷᠥᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠠᠬᠢᠨ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
— «ᠥᠷᠥᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠶᠢᠷᠲᠢᠨᠴᠦ» ᠭᠡᠳ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠳᠠᠪᠠ —
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠥᠷᠥᠨᠡᠲᠦ

ᠥᠷᠥᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠠᠬᠢᠨ (ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ Western World, "ᠥᠷᠥᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠶᠢᠷᠲᠢᠨᠴᠦ"), ᠥᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠥᠷᠥᠨ᠎ᠡ (ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ The West; ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ: Occidens, "ᠨᠠᠷᠠ ᠵᠢᠷᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠵᠦᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠢᠨ") ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ (ᠺᠠᠫᠷᠤᠰᠡᠶᠢᠭ ᠪᠠᠭᠲᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ), ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ᠂ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨᠴᠢᠯᠡᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ᠂ ᠠᠦᠢᠰᠲ᠋ᠷᠯᠢᠶ᠎ᠠᠰᠢᠨ᠎ ᠡ ᠽᠸᠨᠯᠠᠨᠲᠤ᠋ ᠍ ᠢ[1] ᠪᠠᠭᠲᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠯᠭᠡ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃

ᠡᠨᠡ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠲᠣᠮᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠡᠨ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠭᠷᠧᠺ ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠰᠤᠶᠤᠯ ᠢᠷᠭᠡᠨᠰᠢᠯ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠤᠭ ᠢᠵᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠲᠠᠢ᠂ ᠾᠷᠢᠰᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠷᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ᠂ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢᠨ ᠪᠥᠮᠪᠥᠷᠴᠡᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠰ ᠢ ᠢᠯᠡᠷᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃

ᠨᠡᠮᠡᠷᠢ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. Thompson, William; Joseph Hickey (2005). Society in Focus. Boston, MA: Pearson. 0-205-41365-X Broek and Webb, "A Geography of Mankind" (2nd ed., 1973) at 199, 201; cf., Arnold Toynbee, "Change and Habit" (Oxford University, 1966).. 

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