ᠣᠯᠢᠮᠫᠢᠺ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤᠮ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠳᠠᠯ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ

ᠡᠨᠳᠡ ᠣᠯᠢᠮᠫᠢᠺ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤᠮ ᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠢ ᠦᠢᠯᠡ ᠠᠵᠢᠯᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠠ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠦᠩᠭᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠡᠬᠡ ᠰᠤᠷᠪᠤᠯᠵᠢ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠪᠠᠲᠤᠳᠬᠠᠵᠤ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠪᠠ᠃


ᠣᠯᠢᠮᠫᠢᠺ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠳᠠᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠵᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠦᠢᠯᠡ ᠠᠵᠢᠯᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠡᠬᠢᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠥᠰᠥᠪ ᠲᠠᠲᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠲᠥᠯᠭᠡᠴᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠡᠮᠡᠷᠢ ᠠᠰᠢᠭ/ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭᠳᠠᠯ ᠥᠷᠢ ᠪᠡᠨ ᠲᠥᠯᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠣᠨ ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠯ
1976 ᠮᠣᠩᠷᠧᠠᠯ 2 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠺᠠᠨᠠᠳᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[1] 2006[2] 1976 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠲᠤᠰᠬᠠᠢ ᠲᠠᠮᠠᠬᠢᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠠᠲᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠭᠠᠷᠭᠠᠵᠤ ᠣᠯᠢᠮᠫᠢᠺ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭᠳᠠᠯ ᠢ ᠨᠥᠬᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ
198 ᠣ ᠫᠯᠠᠰ ᠲᠤ ᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ 8.5 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭᠳᠠᠯ
1984 ᠯᠣᠰ ᠠᠨᠵᠧᠯᠧᠰ 75 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[3][4] 250 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[5] 1984 1932 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠣᠯᠢᠮᠫᠢᠺ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠰᠢ ᠠᠰᠢᠭ ᠣᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠠᠩᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠣᠯᠢᠮᠫᠢᠺ
1984 ᠺᠠᠯᠠᠭᠠᠷᠢ 461 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[6] 90–150 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[6] 1988
1988 ᠰᠤᠤᠯ 4 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ 300 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[5] 1988 ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠰᠢᠭ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠣᠯᠢᠮᠫᠢᠺ[ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠮᠲᠠ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠲᠡᠢ]
1992 ᠪᠠᠷᠰᠧᠯᠠᠨ 850 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ 9.3 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[7] 10 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[5] 1992 ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ 9.1% ᠨᠢ ᠦᠢᠯᠡ ᠠᠵᠢᠯᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠳᠡᠳ᠋ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠴᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠵᠢᠷᠭᠠᠭᠤᠯᠬᠤ ᠳᠤ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃[8]
1992 ᠠᠯᠪᠧᠷᠪᠢᠯ 1.2 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ ᠳᠡᠳ᠋ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠴᠡ[9] 67 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[9]
1994 ᠯᠢᠯᠯᠢᠬᠠᠮᠧᠷ
1996 ᠠᠲᠯᠠᠨ᠋ᠲᠠ 1.8 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ 609 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[3] 10 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ 1996 ᠠᠰᠢᠭᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠴᠤ ᠬᠡᠲᠦ ᠠᠰᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠬᠥᠭᠡᠭᠡᠴᠡᠯᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠢᠽᠢᠨ᠋ᠧᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷᠲᠠᠢ ᠣᠯᠢᠮᠫᠢᠺ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠨᠢ ᠰᠢᠭᠦᠮᠵᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠳᠠᠭᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
1998 ᠨᠠᠭᠠᠨᠤᠤ᠋ ~US$10 billion in new infrastructure[10] ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠭᠳᠠᠯ ᠲᠠᠢ Estimated 2015[10] The full cost of the Nagano Olympics is unknown, due to Nagano Olympic Bid Committee vice-secretary general Sumikazu Yamaguchi ordering accounting documents burned[10]
2000 ᠰᠢᠳᠡᠨᠢ 6.6 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠦᠢᠰᠲ᠋ᠷᠯᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ 3 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠦᠢᠰᠲᠷᠠᠢᠯ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ; 363.5 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠦᠢᠰᠲ᠋ᠷᠯᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠢᠪᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ 1.7–2.4 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠦᠢᠰᠲ᠋ᠷᠯᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[11] ᠣᠷᠣᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠴᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ[12] 2000
2002 ᠰᠤᠯᠲᠠ ᠯᠧᠢᠺ 1.2 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ [13] US$600 million[14] US$101 million[15] 2002 Additional security costs were incurred in the wake of the September 11 attacks
2004 ᠠᠹᠢᠨ 15 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[16] 6 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ US$14–15 billion[17] The cost of the 2004 Athens Summer Games has been cited as a contributor to the Greek government-debt crisis. Many of the venues lie vacant and rotting; the Independent newspaper reports as many as 21 out of 22 are unused.[18]
2006 ᠲᠣᠷᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ 3.6 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ 3.2 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[19]
2008 ᠪᠡᠭᠡᠵᠢᠩ 43 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[20] 1 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠶᠤᠸᠠᠨ᠂ (146 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ)[21] 2008
2010 ᠸᠠᠩᠺᠦᠪᠠᠶᠡᠷ 1.7 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠺᠠᠨᠠᠳᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[22] 9.2 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠺᠠᠨᠠᠳᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[23] US$165 million[24] CDN$925 million[22] ᠣᠷᠣᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠴᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ[22] Additional costs include $1 billion for security, $2.5 billion for transportation extensions and upgrades, and $900 million for the new Vancouver Convention Centre (with $554 million spent on the bid for the games not factored into official costs).[25][26]
2012 ᠯᠣᠨᠳᠣᠨ 10.4 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[27] 13.9 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ[28] US$4.4 billion[29] ᠣᠷᠣᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠡᠩᠴᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ[30] 2012 Additional costs include $90 million for converting the Olympic Stadium (London) to a football venue[31]
2014 ᠰᠣᠴᠢ 51 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯ * [32]
2016 ᠷᠢᠣ ᠳᠧ ᠵᠠᠨᠧᠷᠣ
  • ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠣᠯᠢᠮᠫᠢᠺ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠷᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠠᠬᠠᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠭᠡᠰᠢᠭᠦᠨ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠺᠣ ᠺᠠᠰᠫᠧᠷ ᠤᠨ 2014 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 1 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠡᠬᠢ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠮᠡᠳᠡᠭᠳᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠰᠣᠴᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠪᠦᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠣᠯᠢᠮᠫᠢᠺ ᠤᠨ 51 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠷᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠣᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠠᠶᠠᠵᠤ ᠭᠤᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ 16 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ ᠠᠮᠠ᠃ᠳ᠋ᠣᠯᠯᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠴᠡᠪᠡᠷ ᠬᠠᠬᠤᠤᠯᠢ ᠬᠠᠤᠯᠢ ᠪᠤᠰᠤ ᠦᠢᠯᠡ ᠠᠵᠢᠯᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠮᠡᠳᠡᠭᠳᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ᠃ [33]

ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠰᠤ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. David Henderson (23 July 2012). The Economics of the Olympics. Library of Economics and Liberty. 2012-12-17 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  2. Montreal says no to 'Big Owe'. CBC News (8 Oct 2005).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Julia Campbell. "Cost to Host Olympic Games Skyrockets", ABC News. August 6, 2013 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 
  4. http://www.cnbc.com/id/45943877/page/14
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Beijing Olympiad: Profit or Loss?. China Internet Information Center. 2008-08-17 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  6. 6.0 6.1 http://www.cnbc.com/id/45943877/page/12
  7. Flyvbjerg, Bent; Allison Stewart (2012). "Olympic Proportions: Cost and Cost Overrun at the Olympics 1960-2012". Working Paper. Saïd Business School, University of Oxford.
  8. Brunet, Ferran (1995). An economic analysis of the Barcelona’92 Olympic Games: resources, financing and impacts". Working Paper. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
  9. 9.0 9.1 http://www.cnbc.com/id/45943877/page/10
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Schlotterbeck, Bianca (19 January 2012). Nagano, Japan (Winter 1998). Olympic Cities: Booms and Busts. CNBC. 13 February 2013 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  11. Sydney 2000 - Auditor Slams Costs.
  12. Hosting the Olympics: cash cow or money pit?. 2012-12-17 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  13. Roberts, Selena. "IOC's Rogge Steps into the Cold - Feb 4, 2002 - The New York Times", 2002-02-04. 2010-02-13 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 
  14. "Mitt Romney's Olympic history in the spotlight", The Daily Telegraph (Australia), 28 July 2012 
  15. "Salt Lake Tops Forecast - 2002-09-18 - The New York Times", 2002-09-18. 2010-02-13 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 
  16. As Olympic glow fades, Athens Questions $15 billion Cost - 2008-07-21 - The Christan Science Monitor. 2010-02-13 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  17. Schlotterbeck, Bianca (19 January 2012). Athens, Greece (Summer, 2004). Olympic Cities: Booms and Busts. CNBC. 13 February 2013 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  18. http://www.cnbc.com/id/45943877/page/5
  19. http://www.cnbc.com/id/45943877/page/4
  20. Ryan, Bob. "Sparkling Display: Success Comes at a Price - 2008-08-09 - The Boston Globe", 2008-08-00. 2010-02-13 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 
  21. Template error: argument title is required. 
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 "Olympics cost B.C. $925M", CBC Sports, July 9, 2010. February 4, 2013 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 
  23. "Olympic Countdown: Adding up the real costs of Vancouver 2010", This Magazine, January 12, 2010. February 14, 2013 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 
  24. IOC head Rogge happy that 2010 Vancouver Games are on track - 2009-02-12 - TSN.com. 2010-02-13 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  25. "Winner's curse? The economics of hosting the Olympic Games", CBC News, July 30, 2012. February 14, 2013 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 
  26. "Olympics cost B.C. $925M", CBC News, July 9, 2010. February 14, 2013 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 
  27. "London 2012 - Final cost of London 2012 Games revealed", Yahoo, October 23, 2012. April 3, 2013 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 
  28. Gibson, Owen. "Olympic Games 2012 olympics olys,Paralympics 2012,Olympic legacy,Olympic Stadium,London (News),UK news,Politics,Sport", The Guardian, October 23, 2012 
  29. http://www.newstatesman.com/economics-blog/2012/10/london-olympics-exceed-initial-budget-652bn
  30. Gibson, Owen. "Locog London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games,Olympic Games 2012 olympics olys,British Olympic Association,Sport politics,Sport", The Guardian, February 8, 2013 
  31. http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/21889864
  32. "Susan Ormiston: Russia's $50B Sochi Olympics gamble", CBC Sports, February 4, 2013 
  33. ᠪᠸᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠷᠠᠽᠠᠪ ᠲᠦᠺᠠ ᠷᠧᠫᠣᠷᠲ 2014/01/10 - 2014 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠪᠦᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠣᠯᠢᠮᠫᠢᠺ ᠬᠠᠬᠤᠤᠯᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠢᠳᠡᠭᠳᠡᠵᠡᠢ᠃

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