ᠢᠲᠦᠯᠭᠡᠨ ᠴᠠᠬᠤᠯᠠᠢ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
Great Black-headed Gull
ᠡᠨᠡᠳᠬᠡᠭᠲ᠃
ᠬᠣᠪᠣᠷᠳᠠᠯᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡᠯᠡᠯ
Status IUCN3.1 LC.svg
ᠬᠣᠪᠣᠷᠳᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ (IUCN3.1)
ᠪᠢᠣᠯᠣᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠩᠭᠢᠯᠠᠯ
ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ: ᠠᠮᠢᠲᠠᠨ
ᠬᠦᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ: ᠬᠥᠪᠴᠢᠲᠡᠨ
ᠠᠩᠭᠢ: ᠵᠢᠭᠦᠷᠲᠡᠨ
ᠪᠠᠭ: Charadriiformes
ᠣᠪᠤᠭ: ᠴᠠᠬᠠᠯᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠢᠨ
ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ: Ichthyaetus
ᠵᠦᠢᠯ: I. ichthyaetus
ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ
Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus
(Pallas, 1773, Caspian Sea)
ᠢᠵᠢᠯ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠰᠢᠯ

Larus ichthyaetus

ᠢᠲᠦᠯᠭᠡᠨ ᠴᠠᠬᠤᠯᠠᠢ, Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus, ᠨᠢ ᠲᠣᠮᠣᠬᠠᠨ ᠪᠡᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠴᠠᠬᠤᠯᠠᠢ ᠶᠤᠮ. ᠤᠷᠢᠳᠤ ᠪᠤᠰᠤᠳ ᠶᠡᠬᠡᠩᠬᠢ ᠴᠠᠬᠤᠯᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠳᠠᠯᠢ Larus ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯ ᠭᠡᠭᠳᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠪᠠ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠴᠠᠬᠤᠯᠠᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠷᠣᠰ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ᠂ ᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ᠂ ᠨᠠᠮᠤᠭᠠᠷᠬᠠᠭ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠲᠠᠷᠬᠠᠨ ᠠᠮᠢᠳᠤᠷᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠨᠡᠭᠦᠳᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠤ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠡᠪᠦᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠤᠯᠠᠷᠢᠯ ᠳᠤ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠭ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠡᠨᠡᠳᠬᠡᠭᠡᠶᠢᠭ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠢᠲᠦᠯᠭᠡᠨ ᠴᠠᠬᠤᠯᠠᠢ ᠭᠣᠣᠯᠳᠠᠭᠤ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠵᠤ 2-4 ᠥᠨᠳᠡᠭᠡ ᠭᠠᠷᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠬᠣᠪᠣᠷ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠯᠳᠤᠯ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠲᠤ ᠲᠠᠭᠠᠷᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠵᠠᠯᠠᠭᠤ ᠴᠠᠬᠤᠯᠠᠢ

ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠲᠥᠷᠬᠥ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠡᠨᠡᠬᠦ ᠴᠠᠬᠤᠯᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠡᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠷᠲᠤ 58-65 ᠰᠠᠨᠲ᠋ᠢᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷ ᠪᠠ ᠳᠠᠯᠠᠪᠴᠢ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠳᠦ 1.4 -1.6 ᠮ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠨᠠᠰᠤ ᠪᠡᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠭᠦᠢᠴᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠤᠳ ᠨᠢ ᠰᠠᠷᠠᠯ ᠨᠢᠷᠤᠭᠤ᠂ ᠳᠠᠯᠠᠪᠴᠢ ᠲᠠᠢ᠂ ᠬᠥᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ ᠲᠠᠢ᠃

ᠢᠲᠦᠯᠭᠡᠨ ᠴᠠᠬᠤᠯᠠᠢ ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠰᠤᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠬᠥᠯᠲᠡᠨᠰᠢᠪᠠᠵᠢ᠂ ᠵᠢᠵᠢᠭ ᠬᠥᠬᠥᠲᠡᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠵᠤ ᠢᠳᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃


ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  • BirdLife International (2004). Larus ichthyaetus. 2006. ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠠᠯᠢ ᠬᠠᠮᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠣᠪᠣᠷᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠠᠮᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠ. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. 11 May 2006 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠪᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
  • Pons J.M., Hassanin, A., and Crochet P.A.(2005). Phylogenetic relationships within the Laridae (Charadriiformes: Aves) inferred from mitochondrial markers. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 37(3):686-699

ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ ᠤᠳ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

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