ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
</tr>
ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ᠂ ᠺᠠᠰᠲ᠋ᠢᠯᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
ᠥᠪᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ español, castellano
«espaˈɲol»᠂ «kasteˈʎano»
ᠲᠠᠷᠬᠠᠯᠲᠠ ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ
ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯᠬᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯᠬᠢ: 400 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ[1][2][3]
ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ: 500 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ[4]
ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠩᠬᠢᠯᠠᠯ
ᠡᠨᠡᠳᠬᠡᠭ-ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ
  • ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ
    • ᠷᠣᠮᠠᠨ
      • ᠥᠷᠥᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠷᠣᠮᠠᠨ
        • ᠭᠠᠯᠯ-ᠢᠪᠧᠷ
          • ᠢᠪᠧᠷ-ᠷᠣᠮᠠᠨ
            • ᠥᠷᠥᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠢᠪᠧᠷ
              • ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ᠂ ᠺᠠᠰᠲ᠋ᠢᠯᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ (ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ)
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠡ
ᠤᠯᠤᠰ

ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ 21 ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠲᠤ:
ᠬᠠᠤᠯᠢᠩ ᠳᠤ ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠨ ᠪᠠᠲᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠨ:
Flag of Bolivia.svg ᠪᠣᠯᠢᠪᠢ
Flag of Colombia.svg ᠺᠣᠯᠤᠮᠪᠢᠶ ᠠ
Flag of Costa Rica.svg ᠺᠣᠰᠲ᠋ᠠ ᠷᠢᠺᠠ
Flag of Cuba.svg ᠺᠦᠪᠠ
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg ᠳ᠋ᠣᠮᠢᠨᠢᠺᠠᠨ
Flag of Ecuador.svg ᠡᠺᠸᠠᠳᠣᠷ
Flag of El Salvador.svg ᠰᠠᠯᠢᠪᠠᠳᠣᠷ
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg ᠡᠺᠸᠠᠲ᠋ᠣᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠸᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ
Flag of Galicia.svg ᠭᠠᠯᠢᠰ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
Flag of Guatemala.svg ᠭᠸᠠᠲ᠋ᠧᠮᠠᠯ
Flag of Honduras.svg ᠭᠣᠩ ᠳᠤᠷᠠᠰ
Flag of Panama.svg ᠫᠠᠨᠠᠮᠠ
Flag of Paraguay.svg ᠫᠠᠷᠠᠭᠪᠠᠢ
Flag of Peru.svg ᠫᠧᠷᠤ
Flag of Spain.svg ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ
Flag of Venezuela.svg ᠸᠧᠨᠧᠰᠤᠯ
ᠬᠠᠤᠯᠢᠩ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ᠂ ᠭᠡᠪᠡᠴᠦ ᠤᠭ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠮᠥᠨ:
Flag of Argentina.svg ᠠᠷᠭᠸᠨ᠋ᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ
Flag of Chile.svg ᠴᠢᠯᠢ
Flag of Mexico.svg ᠮᠸᠺᠰᠢᠺᠣ
Flag of Nicaragua.svg ᠨᠢᠺᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠸᠠ
Flag of Uruguay.svg ᠦᠷᠤᠭᠤᠸᠠᠢ

ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ:
Flag of the United Nations.svg ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ
ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ:Country data Andean Community
Flag of the European Union.svg ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ
Flag of Mercosur.svg Mercosur
Flag placeholder.svg Organization of American States

ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ:Country data Union of South American Nations
ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ

Flag of Puerto Rico.svg ᠫᠦ᠋ᠷᠲ᠋ᠣ-ᠷᠢᠺᠣ (ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ)

ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠬᠠᠷᠠ (ᠮᠠᠷᠣᠺᠺᠣ)
ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠴᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠺᠠᠳᠧᠮᠢ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ
(Real Academia Española ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠪᠤᠰᠤᠳ 21 ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠺᠠᠳᠧᠮᠢ)<small /></td></tr>
ᠲᠣᠮᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ
ISO 639-1 es</td></tr>
ISO 639-2 spa</td></tr>
ISO 639-3 spa</td></tr>
Map-Hispanophone World.png

██ ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠲ᠋ᠦ᠋ᠰ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ᠃

██ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠲ᠋ᠦ᠋ᠰ ᠭᠦᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠴᠤ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢ 25% ᠍ ᠰ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠭᠰᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠳᠠᠭ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢᠭᠤᠳᠠ᠃

██ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠲ᠋ᠦ᠋ᠰ ᠭᠦᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠴᠤ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢ 10-20% ᠨᠢ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠳᠠᠭ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢᠭᠤᠳᠠ᠃

██ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠲ᠋ᠦ᠋ᠰ ᠭᠦᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠴᠤ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢ 5-9.9% ᠨᠢ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠳᠠᠭ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢᠭᠤᠳᠠ᠃

</td></tr></table>

ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠺᠠᠰᠲ᠋ᠢᠯᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ 500 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠮ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯᠬᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡᠳᠬᠡᠭ-ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠦᠯᠦᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠪᠠᠭᠲᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃

"ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ" ᠍ ᠦ ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠭᠡᠷᠬᠡ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠺᠠᠰᠲ᠋ᠧᠯᠠᠨᠠ (Castellano) ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠡᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢᠣᠯ (Español). ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠺᠠᠰᠲ᠋ᠧᠯᠠᠨᠠ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠬᠦ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠮᠸᠺᠰᠢᠺᠣ᠂ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ᠂ ᠺᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠤᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠵᠥᠪᠬᠡᠨ ᠡᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢᠣᠯ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃

ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠢᠪᠧᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠭᠡᠶᠢᠭ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠴᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠡᠵᠡᠨᠲᠦ ᠭᠦᠷᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠢᠷᠭᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠯᠴᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠡᠨᠳᠡ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨᠢᠭᠢ ᠨᠥᠯᠥᠭᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠠᠪᠴᠤ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃

ᠲᠠᠷᠬᠠᠯᠲᠠ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

██ ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ (ᠺᠠᠰᠲ᠋ᠢᠯᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ), ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ

██ ᠺᠠᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ, ᠪᠥᠰᠡ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ

██ ᠪᠠᠰᠺ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ, ᠪᠥᠰᠡ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ

██ ᠭᠠᠯᠢᠰ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ, ᠪᠥᠰᠡ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ

██ ᠠᠰ ᠲᠤᠷ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ

██ ᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ

██ ᠠᠷᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ

ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠍ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ 6 ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ (ᠪᠤᠰᠤᠳ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠣᠷᠣᠰ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ) ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 18, ᠠᠹᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 1, ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ 20 ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠢᠰᠫᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠡᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠳᠣᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠪᠠ᠃

ᠮᠥᠨ ᠦᠵᠡᠬᠦ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. Demografía de la lengua española (page 38). 359.5 million people where Spanish is official and 40.5 where it is not official with native knowladges of Spanish, and another 40 million with limited knowladges. The figures of the census used are from 2000 to 2005.
  2. http://congresosdelalengua.es/cartagena/ponencias/seccion_3/36/vivanco_hiram.htm
  3. elcastellano.org.
  4. krysstal.com, 5th International Congress on Spanish Language (la-moncloa.es), uis.edu, Antonio Molina, director of the Instituto Cervantes in 2006 (terranoticias.es, elmundo.es, fundeu.es), Luis María Anson of the Real Academia Española (elcultural.es), International Congress about Spanish, 2008, Mario Melgar of the México University (lllf.uam.es), Enrique Díaz de Liaño Argüelles, director of Celer Solutions multilingual translation network (elintercultural.net) ,Feu Rosa - Spanish in Mercosur (congresosdelalengua.es), elpais.com, eumed.net, efeamerica.com,babel-linguistics.com.

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