ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
State of Illinois
{{{ᠨᠡᠷᠡ}}} ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠯᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ
[[{{{ᠨᠡᠷᠡ}}} ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠯᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ|ᠳᠠᠯᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ]] [[{{{ᠨᠡᠷᠡ}}} ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ|ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ]]
ᠬᠣᠴᠢ(ᠨ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ): Land of Lincoln (ᠯᠢᠨᠺᠣᠯᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ);</br> The Prairie State (ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ)
ᠤᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ: State sovereignty, national union (ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠨ ᠡᠷᠬᠡᠲᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯ᠂ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠯ)
{{{ᠨᠡᠷᠡ}}} ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠢ ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ[1]
ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠰᠫᠷᠢᠩ ᠢᠹᠢᠢᠯᠡᠳ
ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠴᠢᠺᠠᠭᠣ
ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠭᠡᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯ ᠴᠢᠭ ᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠣᠯᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ
ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠳᠡᠪᠢᠰᠬᠡᠷ  [[ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠳᠡᠪᠢᠰᠬᠡᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠵᠢᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠲᠠ|ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠦ 25 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ]]
 - ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ 140,998 км²
 - ᠥᠷᠭᠡᠨ 340 km
 - ᠤᠷᠲᠤ 629 km
 - ᠤᠰᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠵᠡᠯᠡᠬᠦ % 4.0
 - ᠥᠷᠭᠡᠷᠢᠭ 36° 58′ N - 42° 30′ N
 - ᠤᠷᠲᠤᠷᠢᠭ 87° 30′ W - 91° 31′ W
ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ  ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠦ 5 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
 - ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ 12,852,548 (2007 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ)[2]
 - [[ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠰᠢᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠ|ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠰᠢᠯ]] 86.27/км²
[[ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠰᠢᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠵᠢᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠲᠠ|ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠦ 12 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ]]
 - ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠴᠢ ᠣᠷᠣᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ  $45,787[3] (18)
ᠥᠨᠳᠥᠷ  
 - ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠨᠳᠥᠷ ᠴᠡᠭ ᠴᠢᠷᠠᠯᠽ ᠮᠠᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ[4]
377 ᠮ
 - ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠴᠢ 182 ᠮ
 - ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠠᠮ ᠴᠡᠭ ᠮᠢᠰᠰᠢᠰᠰᠢᠫᠫᠢ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ[4]
85 ᠮ
[[ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠣᠩᠨᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠵᠢᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠲᠠ|ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠦ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ]]  1818 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠠᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 3 (21)
ᠠᠮᠪᠠᠨ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠤᠭᠴᠢ ᠫᠡᠲ ᠺᠦ᠋ᠢᠨ (АН)
ᠳᠡᠳ᠋ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠤᠭᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠯᠠ ᠰᠢᠮᠣᠨ (АН)
ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠧᠨᠠᠲ᠋ᠴᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠷᠢᠴᠠᠷ ᠲᠤ ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠢᠨ (АН)
ᠷᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠷᠷᠢᠰ (АН)
ᠺᠣᠩᠷᠧᠰᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠥᠯᠥᠭᠡᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢᠳ ᠵᠢᠭ᠌ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠ
ᠴᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ ᠲᠥᠪ: UTC-6/-5
ᠲᠣᠪᠴᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠳ IL, Ill. US-IL
ᠸᠪᠰᠠᠢ ᠳᠤ www.illinois.gov

ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ (ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ Illinois) ᠨᠢ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠍ ᠤᠨ 21 ᠳ᠋ᠡᠬᠢ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠤᠪᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ ᠶᠠᠰᠤᠲᠠᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ[5] ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠥᠷᠥᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ᠃ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ 5 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠣᠷᠣᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠲᠦ ᠨᠢ ᠴᠢᠺᠠᠭᠣ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠤᠷᠤᠰᠢᠬᠤ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠵᠢᠵᠢᠭ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠥᠳᠡᠭᠡ ᠠᠵᠤ ᠠᠬᠤᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠭᠰᠡᠨ᠂ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠨᠡᠭᠦᠷᠡᠰᠦ᠂ ᠮᠣᠳᠣ᠂ ᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠣᠨ ᠲᠣᠰᠣ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠠᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠳ᠋ ᠍ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃ ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠭᠡᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠢᠬᠤᠯᠠ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠪᠠᠯ ᠴᠢᠭ ᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠣᠭᠣᠮᠲᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠳᠠᠮᠵᠢᠨ ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠮᠢᠰᠰᠢᠰᠰᠢᠫᠫᠢ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠵᠤ ᠥᠭᠳᠡᠭ᠃ ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠯ ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠦᠵᠡᠬᠦ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠨᠲᠠ᠃ ᠠᠰᠰᠣᠰᠢᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠫᠷᠧᠰ ᠠᠭᠧᠨᠲᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠵᠦ᠋ᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ 21 ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠨ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠴᠢ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠭᠠᠭᠳᠠᠵᠠᠢ[6]

ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠤᠭ 66% ᠨᠢ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠪᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠴᠢᠺᠠᠭᠣ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠡᠷᠭᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠣᠯᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠨ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠲᠥᠪᠯᠡᠷᠡᠨ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠭ᠃

МЭ 1300-1400 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠥᠨᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠲᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠂ 40,000 ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠮ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠮᠢᠰᠰᠢᠰᠰᠢᠫᠫ ᠦᠨ ᠺᠠᠾᠣᠺᠢᠶᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠢᠷᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠮᠵᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠠ 1790-1800 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠯᠠ ᠨᠶᠤ-ᠢᠣᠷᠺ ᠬᠣᠲᠠᠣᠳᠣ ᠭᠦᠢᠴᠡᠭᠳᠡᠵᠡᠢ᠃ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠰᠬᠠᠯ ᠭᠠᠷᠬᠤ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠬᠠᠪᠢᠶᠠᠷᠠ 2,000 ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠢ ᠠᠭᠤᠭᠤᠯ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠠᠩᠴᠢᠳ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠴᠥᠭᠡᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠰᠢᠭᠴᠢᠳ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭᠯᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠪᠠ᠃[7] ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠰᠢᠭᠴᠢᠳ 1810 ᠍ ᠊ᠭᠠᠳ ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠺᠧᠨ᠋ᠲ᠋ᠠᠺᠺᠢ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠬᠦᠷᠦᠯᠴᠡᠨ ᠢᠷᠡᠵᠦ ᠡᠬᠢᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ 1818 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠷᠬᠡ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ ᠢᠷᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠣᠯᠢᠰ ᠴᠢᠺᠠᠭᠣ 1830 ᠍ ᠊ᠭᠠᠳ ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠴᠢᠺᠠᠭᠣ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠷᠭᠢ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠳᠠᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠮᠡᠴᠢᠭᠠᠨ ᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠷᠭᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠠᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠣᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠭᠴᠠ ᠪᠣᠭᠣᠮᠲᠠ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃[8] ᠲᠡᠮᠦᠷ ᠵᠠᠮ ᠭᠠᠷᠴᠤ ᠢᠷᠡᠵᠦ᠂ ᠵᠣᠩ ᠳᠦᠶᠢᠷ ᠥᠪᠡᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠯᠤᠭᠴᠢ ᠭᠠᠨ ᠠᠨᠵᠢᠰᠤ ᠵᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠭᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠷᠡᠵᠢᠯ ᠰᠢᠮ᠎ᠡ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠥᠭᠭᠦᠭᠡᠴᠢ ᠲᠡᠢ᠂ ᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠴᠡᠨ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠹᠧᠷᠮ ᠦᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠤ᠂ ᠭᠧᠷᠮᠠᠨᠰᠸᠸᠳᠡᠨᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠴᠢ ᠹᠧᠷᠮᠧᠷ ᠦᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠰᠣᠨᠢᠷᠬᠠᠯ ᠢ ᠲᠠᠲᠠᠬᠤ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠢᠯᠯᠢᠨᠣᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠢᠷᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠳᠠᠶᠢᠨᠢ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠠᠪᠷᠠᠬᠤᠮ ᠯᠢᠨᠺᠣᠯᠢᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠤᠯᠢᠰᠰᠧᠰ ᠰ᠃ ᠭᠠᠷᠨᠠᠲᠠ ᠨᠠᠷᠠᠲᠤ ᠲᠣᠮᠣᠬᠠᠨ ᠳᠡᠮᠵᠢᠯᠭᠡ ᠦᠵᠡᠭᠦᠯᠵᠡᠢ᠃ 1900 ᠣᠨ ᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠥᠰᠦᠯᠲᠡ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠪᠠ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠡᠭᠦᠷᠡᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠭᠤᠷᠬᠠᠢ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠᠣ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠴᠢᠳ ᠢ ᠲᠠᠲᠠᠵᠤ᠂ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠳᠠᠶᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠵᠡ ᠵᠡᠪᠰᠡᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣᠬᠠᠨ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠥᠳᠡᠭᠡ ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠴᠢᠺᠠᠭᠣ ᠷᠤ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠴᠢ ᠠᠹᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠠᠮᠧᠷᠢᠺᠠᠴᠤᠤ ᠳᠤ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠶᠢᠨᠠᠯᠳᠠᠷᠲᠠᠢ ᠵᠠᠽ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠪᠡᠯ ᠳᠽ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠮ ᠢ ᠡᠭᠦᠰᠬᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠲᠣᠮᠣᠬᠠᠨ ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠦᠯᠦᠭ ᠢ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠳᠦᠭᠦᠯᠵᠡᠢ᠃

ᠯᠠᠪᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠮᠠᠲ᠋ᠧᠷᠢᠶᠠᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. 5 ILCS 460/20 (from Ch. 1, par. 2901‑20) - Sec. 20. "Official language. The official language of the State of Illinois is English."
  2. http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html 2007 Population Estimates
  3. US Census Bureau, median household income by state 2004. 2006-07-01 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  4. 4.0 4.1 Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). November 6, 2006 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  5. Stephen Ohlemacher. "Analysis ranks Illinois most average state", Associated Press, May 17, 2007 
  6. Stephen Ohlemacher. "Analysis ranks Illinois most average state", Associated Press, May 17, 2007 
  7. Biles (2005) ch 1
  8. "Chicago's Front Door: Chicago Harbor." A digital exhibit published online by the Chicago Public Library. [1] Accessed October 20, 2007.

ᠨᠣᠮᠵᠦ᠋ᠢ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  • Biles, Roger. Illinois: A History of the Land and Its People (2005)
  • Bridges, Roger D. and Davis, Rodney O., Illinois : Its History and Legacy (1984) (ISBN 0-933150-86-5)
  • Cole, Arthur Charles. The Era of the Civil War, 1848–1870 (1919). ISBN 0-8369-5646-X. narrative history
  • Costa, David J. Illinois. (2007). Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas Newsletter XXV: 4, 9-12.
  • Davis, James E. Frontier Illinois (1998). ISBN 0-253-33423-3. analytic history
  • Gove, Samuel K. and James D. Nowlan. Illinois Politics & Government: The Expanding Metropolitan Frontier (1996). ISBN 0-8032-7014-3. Government text with guide to further sources.
  • Grossman, James R., Ann Durkin Keating, and Janice L. Reiff, eds. The Encyclopedia of Chicago (2004). ISBN 0-226-31015-9. online version; major scholarly guide to the metro area's history, geography, and culture
  • Hallwas, John E. ed., Illinois Literature: The Nineteenth Century (1986). OCLC 14228886.
  • Howard, Robert P. Illinois: A History of the Prairie State (1972). ISBN 0-8028-7025-2. textbook
  • Jensen, Richard. Illinois: A History (2001). ISBN 0-252-07021-6. interpretation using a traditional-modern-postmodern model.
  • Keiser, John H. Building for the Centuries: Illinois 1865–1898 (1977). ISBN 0-252-00617-8, narrative history
  • Meyer, Douglas K. Making the Heartland Quilt: A Geographical History of Settlement and Migration in Early-Nineteenth-Century Illinois (2000). ISBN 0-8093-2289-7.
  • Kilduff, Pygman. Illinois: History Government Geography (1962) school text
  • Kleppner, Paul. Political Atlas of Illinois (1988). ISBN 0-87580-136-6. Maps for 1980s.
  • Peck, J. M. A Gazetteer of Illinois (1837). ISBN 1-55613-782-6.
  • Sutton, Robert P. ed. The Prairie State: A Documentary History of Illinois (1977). ISBN 0-8028-1651-7. 2 vol of primary sources
  • Walton, C. Clyde. ed. An Illinois Reader (1970), primary sources
  • Works Progress Administration. Illinois: A Descriptive and Historical Guide (1939). ISBN 0-394-72195-0. A famous survey covering every town and city and much more.

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