ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ

العربية, al-ʿarabīyah 
al-ʿArabīyah ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ (ᠨᠠᠰᠤᠬᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭᠡᠰᠦ): Arabic albayancalligraphy.svg 
ᠳᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ: /alˌʕaraˈbiːja/
ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠭᠳᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ: ᠣᠶᠢᠷᠠᠬᠢ ᠳᠣᠷᠣᠨᠠᠲᠤ᠂ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠠᠹᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠳ ᠲᠤ;
ᠢᠰᠯᠠᠮ ᠤᠨ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠦᠮ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ᠃
ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠭᠴᠢᠳ: 280 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠮ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯᠬᠢ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ[1], 250 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠮ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯᠬᠢ ᠪᠤᠰᠤ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ[2] 
ᠡᠷᠡᠮᠪᠡ: 5 (ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯᠬᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ)
ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠦᠯᠦᠭ:
 ᠰᠧᠮᠢᠲ
  ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠰᠧᠮᠢᠲ
   ᠲᠥᠪ ᠰᠧᠮᠢᠲ
    ᠠᠷᠠᠪ
     ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ 
ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠰᠢᠰᠲ᠋ᠧᠮ: ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭᠰᠢᠷᠢᠢ ᠠ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ (ᠭᠠᠷᠰᠢᠨᠢ), ᠪᠧᠩᠭᠠᠯ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ [1] [2] 
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠲ᠋ᠦ᠋ᠰ
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ: 25 ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ᠃ ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ᠂ ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠷᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠤᠷᠪᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ[3]
ᠵᠣᠬᠢᠴᠠᠭᠤᠯᠳᠠᠭ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ: ᠠᠯᠵᠢᠷᠢᠶ ᠠ: ᠠᠯᠵᠢᠷᠢᠶ ᠠ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦ ᠵᠥᠪᠯᠡᠯ

ᠶᠸᠵᠠᠫᠲ: ᠺᠠᠢᠷ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠺᠠᠳᠧᠮᠢ
ᠢᠷᠠᠺ: ᠢᠷᠠᠺ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠤᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠠᠺᠠᠳᠧᠮᠢ
ᠢᠣᠷᠳᠠᠨ: ᠢᠣᠷᠳᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠺᠠᠳᠧᠮᠢ
ᠯᠢᠪᠢᠶ ᠠ: ᠵᠢᠮᠠᠬᠢᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠺᠠᠳᠧᠮᠢ
ᠮᠠᠷᠣᠺᠺᠣ: ᠷᠠᠪᠠᠲ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠺᠠᠳᠧᠮᠢ
ᠰᠤᠳᠠᠨ: ᠬᠠᠷᠲᠤᠮ ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠺᠠᠳᠧᠮᠢ
ᠰᠢᠷᠢᠢ ᠠ: ᠳᠠᠮᠤᠰᠺ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠺᠠᠳᠧᠮᠢ (the oldest)
ᠲᠤᠨᠢᠰ: ᠪᠧᠢᠲ ᠠᠯᠢ-ᠬᠢᠺᠠᠮ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠠᠨ

ᠲᠣᠮᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ
ISO 639-1: ar
ISO 639-2: ara
ISO 639-3: ara – Arabic (generic) 
Arabic Language.PNG
ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠣᠯᠠᠩᠬᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠳᠠᠭ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠬᠥᠬᠡ᠂ ᠴᠥᠭᠡᠩᠬᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠳᠠᠭ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠨ



Arabic speaking world.svg
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠴᠣᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠭᠴᠠ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠨ᠂ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠬᠡᠳᠦ ᠬᠡᠳᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠴᠡᠩᠬᠡᠷ
ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠯ: ᠡᠨᠡ ᠬᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠰᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠶᠨᠢᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠍ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠪᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠦᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ᠂ ᠲᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭ ᠦᠳ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠵᠤ ᠮᠠᠭᠠᠳ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ᠃

ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ (ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠶᠢᠡᠷ العربية, al-ʿarabīyah ᠪᠤᠶᠤ عربي, ʿarabi) ᠨᠢ ᠬᠢᠪᠷᠡᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠨᠧᠣ ᠠᠷᠮᠠᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠨᠦᠭᠦᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠲᠤ ᠲᠥᠪ ᠰᠧᠮᠢᠲ ᠦᠨ ᠪᠦᠯᠢ ᠳᠦ ᠪᠠᠭᠲᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠴᠡᠭᠴᠢᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠲᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠰᠧᠮᠢᠲ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠣᠪᠤᠭ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠢ ᠴᠣᠬᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ 280 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠢ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠥᠷᠥᠯᠬᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ[1] (ᠶᠡᠬᠡᠩᠬᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠶᠢᠷᠠᠬᠢ ᠳᠣᠷᠣᠨᠠᠲᠤᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠠᠹᠷᠢᠺᠠ ᠲᠤ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠭ), 250 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠦ[2] ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠷ ᠲᠤ ᠬᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠶᠠᠭᠤᠮ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠵᠠᠷᠢᠮ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠨᠢ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠨᠳᠣ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠣᠶᠢᠯᠠᠭᠠᠯᠴᠠᠬᠤ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠥᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ᠃[4] ᠰᠲ᠋ᠠᠨᠳᠠᠷᠲ ᠠᠷᠠᠪ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠡᠶᠢᠭ ᠰᠤᠷᠭᠠᠭᠤᠯᠢ᠂ ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠰᠤᠷᠭᠠᠭᠤᠯᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠥᠷᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠵᠤ᠂ ᠠᠵᠢᠯ ᠤᠨᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢ᠂ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ᠂ ᠬᠡᠪᠯᠡᠯ ᠮᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠰᠡᠯ ᠳᠦ ᠠᠰᠢᠭᠯᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃

ᠲᠠᠶᠢᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Procházka, 2006.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ethnologue (1999)
  3. Wright, 2001, p. 492.
  4. "Arabic language." Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Retrieved on 29 July 2009.

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

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ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭᠠᠰᠤ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

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