ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
Republika e Shqipërisë
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠯᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠦᠯᠳᠡ
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠤᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ:
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ "Himni i Flamurit"
«ᠲᠤᠭᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠡᠷᠭᠦᠬᠦ ᠳᠠᠭᠤᠯᠠᠯ»
ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ (ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠠᠷᠠᠯ) ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ (ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠨ) ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠰᠢᠯ
ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ (ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠠᠷᠠᠯ) ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ (ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠨ) ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠷᠢᠰᠢᠯ
ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ 
(ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ)
Wappen Tirana.svg ᠲᠤᠷᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ
ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠲᠦᠮᠡᠨ 
(2010 ᠤᠨ)
95% - ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ[1]</br> 3–6% - ᠭᠷᠧᠺ[1][2]
2% - ᠪᠤᠰᠤᠳ[1]
ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠫᠠᠷᠯᠠᠮᠧᠨᠲ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ
 -  ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠪᠠᠮᠢᠷ ᠲᠣᠫᠢ
 -  ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢ ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠳ ᠰᠠᠯᠢ ᠪᠧᠷᠢᠱᠠ
ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ "Kuvendi"
(«ᠡᠪᠯᠡᠭᠦᠯᠭᠡ/ᠴᠤᠭᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ»)
ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡ
 -  ᠠᠷᠪᠧᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠭᠦᠩᠲᠦ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ 1190 ᠣᠨ 
 -  ᠣᠰᠠᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠵᠡᠨᠲᠦ ᠭᠦᠷᠦᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠲᠤᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠨᠢᠭᠰᠠᠨ 1912 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 11 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 28 
ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭ ᠳᠡᠪᠢᠰᠬᠡᠷ
 -  ᠪᠦᠬᠦ ᠲᠠᠯᠠᠪᠠᠢ 28,748 km2 (143)
 -  ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠷᠭᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠤᠰᠤ (%) 4.7 %
ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ
 -  ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠯᠠᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ (2011) 2,831,741 [3] 
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠲᠠᠴᠠ ᠰᠡᠶᠢᠷᠡᠭ 98.5 ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ/km2 
GDP (ХАЧТ) 2011 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
 -  ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦᠩ $24.910 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ[4] 
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦ $7,741[4] 
GDP (ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ) 2011 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
 -  ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦᠩ $12.847 ᠲᠡᠷᠪᠤᠮ[4] 
 -  ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦ $3,992[4] 
Gini (2005) 26.7[5] (ᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ) 
ᠬᠡᠦᠬᠡᠳ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠥᠭᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠢᠨᠳᠧᠺᠰ (2011) 0.739[6] (ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠨ) (70)
ᠮᠥᠩᠭᠥᠨ ᠦ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠴᠡ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠯᠧᠺ (ALL)
ᠴᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠥᠰᠡ ТЕЦ (GMT+1)
 -  ᠵᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠴᠠᠭ ТЕЗЦ (GMT+2)
ᠳ᠋ᠦᠮᠠᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ .al
ᠤᠲᠠᠰᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠮᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ +355

ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠯᠺᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠭ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ ᠲᠦ ᠤᠷᠤᠰᠢᠬᠤ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠲᠤᠷᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ

ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠳᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠲᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ᠂ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠨᠢ ᠢᠣᠨᠢ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠴᠡᠯᠡᠶᠢᠵᠦ᠂ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠳᠤ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠮᠣᠨᠲ᠋ᠧᠨᠧᠭᠷᠣ᠋᠂ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠮᠠᠺᠧᠳᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰᠺᠣᠰᠪᠣ[7]᠂ ᠡᠮᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠭᠷᠧᠺᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠢᠯᠢᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃ ᠮᠥᠨ ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠣᠲ᠋ᠷᠠᠨᠲ᠋ᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠯᠠᠢ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ 72 ᠺᠢᠯᠣᠮᠧᠲ᠋ᠷ ᠵᠠᠶᠢᠲᠠᠢ ᠲᠤᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷᠯᠠᠭᠳᠠᠳᠠᠭ᠃

ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠶᠤᠯ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠲᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠵᠢᠯᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠥᠪᠯᠡᠯᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠤᠳᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠲᠡᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠭᠡᠰᠢᠭᠦᠨ᠃ ᠧᠦ᠋ᠷᠣᠫᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠡᠯᠰᠡᠬᠦ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠳᠡᠪᠰᠢᠭᠳᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠦᠭᠡᠳ ᠤᠮᠠᠷᠠᠳᠤ ᠠᠲᠯᠠᠨ᠋ᠲ ᠤᠨ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠡᠪᠰᠡᠯ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠡᠯᠰᠡᠬᠦ ᠤᠷᠢᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢ 2008 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 4 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠦᠯᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠠᠪᠤᠵᠠᠢ[8]᠃ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠭᠠᠷ 2009 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ᠂ North Atlantic Treaty Organization ᠍ ᠶᠢᠨ 60 ᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠣᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ 26 ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠡᠪᠰᠡᠯᠳᠦ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠪᠠᠯᠺᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠭᠢᠷᠠᠺ[9][10]ᠠᠹᠬᠠᠨᠨᠢᠰᠲᠠᠨᠴᠢᠳᠠ[11] ᠳᠠᠬᠢ ᠡᠩᠬᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠰᠠᠬᠢᠭᠤᠯᠬᠤ ᠦᠢᠯᠡ ᠠᠵᠢᠯᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠳᠡᠮᠵᠢᠯᠭᠡ ᠦᠵᠡᠭᠦᠯᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠫᠠᠷᠯᠠᠮᠧᠨᠲ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠷᠠᠳᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠯᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ᠂ ᠰᠢᠯᠵᠢᠯᠲᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠡᠳ᠋ ᠍ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠪᠦᠬᠦᠢ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠲᠡ 3.5 ᠰᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠢᠨᠢ 895,000 ᠨᠢ ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠲᠤᠷᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠲᠥᠪᠯᠡᠷᠡᠵᠦ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠭ᠃

ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡᠨ ᠰᠢᠯᠲᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠠᠮ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠣᠯᠠᠩᠬᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠢᠰᠯᠠᠮ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨ ᠰᠢᠲᠦᠳᠡᠭ᠂ ᠦᠨᠡᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠷᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠱᠠᠰᠢᠨᠺᠠᠲ᠋ᠣᠯᠢᠭ ᠰᠢᠲᠦᠯᠭᠡᠲᠡᠨ ᠴᠤ ᠡᠯᠪᠡᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ᠃

ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠰᠢᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ Republika e Shqipërisë ᠨᠢ "ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ" ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢᠴᠤᠤᠳ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠰᠡᠳ ᠢ ᠪᠡᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠯ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠦᠵᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠠᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠨ ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠨᠢ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠨᠢ ᠯᠠᠲ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠦᠭᠡᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠯᠲᠠᠢ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠴᠣᠬᠣᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠤ ᠡᠯᠪᠡᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠭ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠴᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠭᠳᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠤᠯᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠶᠤᠮ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃


ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠶᠠᠷᠢ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠠᠯᠪᠠᠩ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠭ

ᠲᠤᠰ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠨᠢ 12 ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ᠂ 36 ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ᠂ 351 ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ  ᠲᠠᠢ᠃

ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 CIA World Factbook: Albania ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ:WebCite
  2. The Greeks: the land and people since the war. James Pettifer. Penguin, 2000. ISBN 978-0-14-028899-5
  3. 2011 Census
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Albania. International Monetary Fund. 17 April 2012 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  5. Distribution of family income – Gini index. The World Factbook. CIA. the original on 23 July 2010 ᠍ ᠰ ᠠᠷᠬᠢᠸᠯᠠᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ 1 September 2009 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  6. Human Development Report 2010. United Nations (2010). 5 November 2010 ᠍ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  7. ᠺᠣᠰᠪᠣ ᠶᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠧᠷᠪᠢ ᠍ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠮᠤᠵᠢ ᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠦᠵᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠴᠤ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠡᠰᠢᠭᠦᠨ 50 ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠲᠤᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠨᠢᠯ ᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠬᠦᠯᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠵᠥᠪᠰᠢᠶᠡᠷᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠃
  8. Albania membership Nato. NATO. the original on 2007-12-13 ᠍ ᠰ ᠠᠷᠬᠢᠸᠯᠠᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  9. Croatia, Albania sign NATO membership accords. USA Today.
  10. U.S. Supports Albania for NATO Membership. America.gov - Telling America's Story. the original on 2008-03-28 ᠍ ᠰ ᠠᠷᠬᠢᠸᠯᠠᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃
  11. The official site of the Government of Albania (PDF).

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