ᠠᠯᠧᠺᠰᠠᠨᠳᠠᠷ ᠭᠤᠰᠠᠳᠪᠠ ᠡᠢᠹᠧᠯ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ
ᠠᠯᠧᠺᠰᠠᠨᠳᠠᠷ ᠭᠤᠰᠠᠳᠪᠠ ᠡᠢᠹᠧᠯ
1888 ᠣᠨ
1888 ᠣᠨ
ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ
 ᠨᠥᠬᠥᠷ ᠮᠠᠷᠢ ᠭᠣᠳᠧᠯᠧᠲ (1845–1877)
ᠬᠡᠦᠬᠡᠳ 3 ᠥᠬᠢᠨ᠂ 2 ᠬᠦᠦᠲᠡᠢ
ᠡᠴᠢᠭᠡ ᠡᠬᠡ ᠠᠯᠧᠺᠰᠠᠨᠳᠠᠷ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠺᠠᠲ᠋ᠧᠷᠢᠨ ᠡᠢᠹᠧᠯ
Awards Officer of the Légion d'Honneur[1]
Samuel Langley Medal (Smithsonian Institution)
ᠭᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ

ᠠᠯᠧᠺᠰᠠᠨᠳᠠᠷ ᠭᠤᠰᠠᠳᠪᠠ ᠡᠢᠹᠧᠯ ( ᠲᠦᠷᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ: Bönickhausen; 1832 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 12 ᠍ ᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 15 ᠍ ᠨᠣᠣᠰᠣ – 1923 ᠣᠨ ᠤ 12 ᠍ ᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 27 ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ) ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠷᠠᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠯᠭᠠᠴᠢᠪᠠᠷᠢᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠢᠨᠵᠧᠨᠧᠷ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠢᠵᠢᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠠᠯᠧᠺᠰᠠᠨᠳᠠᠷ ᠡᠢᠹᠧᠯ᠂ ᠺᠠᠲ᠋ᠧᠷᠢᠨ ᠡᠢᠹᠧᠯ ᠨᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠦᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠮᠡᠨᠳᠦᠯᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ᠃ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠷᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠭᠡᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠵᠡᠰᠬᠦᠯᠡᠩ ᠬᠤᠳᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭ᠎ᠠᠨᠳ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠭᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠴᠠᠮᠬᠠᠭ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠬᠣᠵᠢᠮ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠨᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠬᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ᠃ ᠮᠥᠨ ᠮᠠᠰᠢ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ᠂ ᠭᠦᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ ᠲᠥᠰᠦᠯ ᠢ ᠵᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠭᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ᠃

ᠬᠢᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠭᠡᠯ ᠦᠳ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠯᠠ ᠫᠠᠽ ᠠᠦ᠋ᠲ᠋ᠣᠪᠦ᠋ᠰᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠣᠭᠰᠣᠭᠠᠯ

ᠭᠦᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠡᠢᠹᠧᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠭᠦᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡ᠂ ᠺᠠᠮᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ
ᠡᠢᠹᠧᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠭᠦᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡ᠂ ᠤᠩᠭᠧᠨᠢ


ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠵᠢᠭᠦᠯᠦᠭᠡ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠲᠥᠰᠦᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]



ᠡᠰᠢᠯᠡᠯ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

ᠨᠣᠮᠵᠦ᠋ᠢ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  • Harvie, David I. (2006). Eiffel, the Genius who Reinvented Himself. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton. ISBN 0-7509-3309-7. 
  • Loyrette, Henri (1985). Gustave Eiffel. New York: Rizzoli. ISBN 0-8478-0631-6. 

External links[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

Francepx Biography portal
ᠵᠠᠭᠪᠤᠷ:Authority control
  1. Harvie 2006 p.124

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