ᠠᠫᠧᠯᠯᠠ

ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠬᠡᠢ ᠲᠣᠯᠢ — ᠸᠢᠺᠢᠫᠧᠳᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠴᠠ
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ: ᠤᠳᠤᠷᠢᠳᠬᠤ, ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠲᠠ

ᠠᠫᠧᠯᠯᠠ ᠨᠢ (ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ:apella) ᠡᠷᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠰᠫᠠᠷᠲ᠋ ᠍ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠥᠷᠥ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠡᠷᠬᠡ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠬᠤ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠭᠷᠧᠺᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠤᠰᠤᠳ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠺᠺᠯᠧᠰᠢᠶᠠᠲᠠᠢ ᠲᠥᠰᠲᠡᠢ ᠴᠢᠭᠤᠯᠭᠠᠨ᠃ ᠠᠫᠧᠯᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠦᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ 30 ᠍ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠭᠰᠢ ᠨᠠᠰᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠢᠷᠭᠡᠳ ᠰᠠᠨᠠᠭᠠᠴᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠡᠷᠬᠡ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠣᠷᠣᠯᠴᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠴᠠᠢ᠃ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠰᠠᠨᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠰᠠᠨᠠᠭᠠᠴᠢᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠵᠥᠪᠬᠡᠨ ᠡᠹᠣᠷ ᠦᠳ ᠪᠠ ᠭᠧᠷᠦ᠋ᠰᠤ ᠨᠠᠷᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠳᠠᠮᠵᠢᠭᠤᠯᠠᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠯᠴᠡᠭᠦᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠴᠠᠢ᠃ ᠰᠠᠨᠠᠯ ᠬᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠯᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠰᠬᠢᠷᠴᠢ ᠢᠯᠡᠷᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠪᠠ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠴᠢᠭᠤᠯᠭᠠᠨ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠭᠡᠷ᠎ᠡ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠯᠴᠡᠭᠡᠷ᠂ ᠳᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠂ ᠵᠠᠯᠭᠠᠮᠵᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠯᠴᠡᠵᠦ᠂ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠷᠤᠭᠴᠢ᠂ ᠠᠬᠠᠯᠠᠭᠴᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠡᠹᠣᠷ ᠤᠳ ᠢ ᠰᠣᠩᠭᠣᠵᠤ᠂ ᠬᠠᠤᠯᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠥᠭᠡᠷᠡᠴᠢᠯᠡᠯᠲᠡ ᠤᠷᠤᠭᠤᠯᠬᠤ ᠡᠰᠡᠬᠦ ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠯᠴᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠪᠠ᠃

ᠯᠠᠪᠠᠯᠠᠬᠤ[ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ | ᠺᠣᠳ᠋ ᠢᠶᠠᠷ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ]

  • G. Gilbert, Constitutional Antiquities of Sparta and Athens (Eng, trans., 1895), pp. 49 ff.
  • Studien zur altspartanischen Geschichte (Göttingen, 1872), pp. 131 ff.
  • G. F. Schömann, Antiquities of Greece: The State (Eng. trans., 1880), pp. 234 ff.
  • De ecclesiis Lacedaemoniorum (Griefswald, 1836) [=Opusc. academ. i. pp. 87 ff.]
  • C. O. Müller, History and Antiquities of the Doric Race (Eng. trans., 2nd ed. 1839), book iii. ch. 5, §§ 8-10
  • Georg Busolt, Die griechischen Staats- und Rechtsaltertümer, 1887 (in Iwan Müller's Handbuch der klassischen Altertumsiuissenschaft, iv. 1), § 90
  • Griechische Geschichte (2nd ed.), i. p. 552 ff.
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